You usually present the data you obtained in appropriate figures (diagrams, graphs, tables and photographs) and you then comment on this data. Short works short story and its patterns of organization. A total of 102 responses were received from the targeted 180 potential respondents, which constitutes a 56.7% response rate for the survey. The results section is where you report the findings of your study based upon the methodology [or methodologies] you applied to gather information. In most cases it is appropriate in a findings section to offer basic comparisons between the results of your study and those of other studies, but knowing exactly what the journal wants in the report of research findings is essential. Visual aids can clarify and enrich the text, but they cannot take its place. 0. Background information and descriptions of methods, on the other hand, almost always appear in earlier sections of a research paper. The goal is to communicate information – in some cases a great deal of complex information – as clearly, accurately and precisely as possible, so well-constructed sentences that maintain a simple structure will be far more effective than convoluted phrasing and expressions. These will have to go hand in hand with qualitative data as well. Step 3: Design effective visual presentations of your research results to enhance the textual report of your findings. Chapter 4 Findings and Data Analysis 1.1. S p research is what findings in paper julia child learned how to proceed. You can decide to divide them in a tabular form; using headings relative to your project topic. The interpretations given by the researcher of the significance of the findings of a research project for the client's business, along with recommendations for action. This will involve looking back over the paper’s introductory and background material as well as anticipating the discussion and conclusion sections, and this is precisely the right point in the process for reviewing and reflecting. 2007. This chapter will bring in the presentation of the findings and analysis derived from the online survey. The research findings informed our campaign Standing up for women's safety. Then, the ones that do not fall under the headings related to your research will have to go. Presenting your data and findings in the best way is exactly how you answer their questions. No matter what type of data and research findings you are reporting, it is important to always link it back to the question your research hopes to answer or what it plans to explore. Step 1: Consult the guidelines or instructions that the targeted journal (or other publisher) provides for authors and read research papers it has already published, particularly ones similar in topic, methods or results to your own. The opening paragraph of a findings section often restates research questions or aims to refocus the reader’s attention, and it is always wise to summarise key findings at the end of the section, providing a smooth intellectual transition to the interpretation and discussion that follows in most research papers. This section is often considered the most important part of a research paper because it most effectively demonstrates your ability as a researcher to think critically about an issue, to develop creative solutions to problems based on the findings, and to formulate a deeper, more profound understanding of the research problem you are studying.. Usually, during research, you come across a lot of fascinating data and information on your research topic and on other areas relating to it. It involves the interpretation of data gathered through the use of analytical and logical reasoning to determine patterns, relationships or trends. Often findings.  Step 2: Reflect at some length on your research results in relation to the journal’s requirements while planning the findings section of your paper. When you decide to report your findings using subheadings, it is best to first draw up a plan; find the similarities between all the data and findings gathered and group them accordingly. Research findings: Meaning Research findings can be referred to as key outcomes of the study. In the right qualitative design, like a case study, data triangulation might make sense. 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Data were analyzed to identify, describe and explore the relationship between death anxiety and death attitudes of nurses in a private acute care hospital and to determine the need for It is what makes up the bulk of your research as well as what the majority of your research viewers want to see; not your introduction, analysis, or abstract but your findings and the data gathered. The discussion section is where you explore … These must be presented in a fashion that is understandable by your readers. Want to write a succinct data analysis and findings in your research? Research implications are basically the conclusions that you draw from your results and explain how the findings may be important for policy, practice, or theory. You can see from these two types that they vary so in turn, how you present them should vary. Begin your Findings report with a brief summary of your experiment’s results. These five steps will help you write a clear & interesting findings section for a research paper, Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress, Acknowledgements Example for an Academic Research Paper. The structure of your findings section might be determined by your research questions and hypotheses or match the arrangement of your methods section. This helps prevent unnecessary duplication of research findings in the scientific literature and, to some extent, ensures that each research article provides new information. For example, a researcher has performed a study for analyzing the influence of digitalization on the customer relationship management strategies of the organization. o Research involves considerable intellectual, time and financial commitments by researchers, participants and funding organizations. Next, present your data in this grouped form, usually by use of similar themes that they share as subheadings. How To Write the Findings Section of a Research Paper Each research project is unique, so it is natural for one researcher to make use of somewhat different strategies than another when it comes to designing and writing the section of a research paper dedicated to findings. a decision or verdict after judicial inquiry. A chronological order or hierarchy of importance or meaningful grouping of main themes or categories might prove effective. We are here to answer your questions. Presenting data and findings in a standalone way tends to leave readers confused as to how what you are presenting relates to the question of your research. "National Research Council. First, there is a brief discussion of the problem, Your work looks like one that lacks direction, confusing your readers and causing them to be distracted from the real issue at hand that your research hopes to tackle. It makes what you are trying to explain more relatable, gives more relatable scenarios, makes your research easier to understand and links it back to the original research question. Findings The principal outcomes of a research project; what the project suggested, revealed or indicated. Step 4: Write your findings section in a factual and objective manner. Summaries of research findings and full research reports. A study’s findings are not made more or less trustworthy, valid, or credible because of the presence or absence of triangulation. Journal editing and proofreading services, Dissertation & thesis editing & proofreadingÂ, Scientific editing services for publication success, Professional book editing & proofreading services, Expert Editing for all academic & scientific papers, Research paper editing & proofreading services, How To Write the Findings Section of a Research Paper For the most part, reporting methods for these two types interchange and these are reported together, not separately, because most of the time, the information they present go hand in hand. Gotten from the review of other resource materials and interviews, it tends to be bulky, and sometimes writers find it difficult to present it in a way that does not overwhelm their readers. key research findings in relationship to the literature and the contributions the investigation makes to the theory. Some authors will even work on tables and figures before organising the findings section (Step 2), which can be an extremely effective approach, but it is important to remember that the textual report of findings remains primary. 0. Reporting Research Findings 4.2 Interpret Results Reporting data involves more than just presenting it. A good example is the implications of Newtonian mechanics’ planetary orbital dynamics. Once you start adding information that is not necessary or an answer to the original question you set out to answer through your research, you start rambling. Secondary research is a research method that involves using already existing data. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), through its EPCs, sponsors the development of various reports to assist public- and private-sector organizations in their efforts to improve the quality of health care in the United States. Data analysis is the most crucial part of any research. CHAPTER 6 summarized the research and the conclusions to be drawn, and made recommendations for further research and, where applicable, future policy on Grade 12 education. Streamline and clarify your report, especially if it is long and complex, by using subheadings that will help you avoid excessive and peripheral details as you write and also help your reader understand and remember your findings. Quantitative data The purpose of the results section of the thesis is to report the findings of your research. Generalizability can be defined as the application of research findings based on a sample to the whole population, it also means that the findings of one study is transferable to another similar situation. 0. Four pairs of sentences that create a room full of enthusiasm has an ^ american passport. The opening paragraph of a findings section often restates research questions or aims to refocus the reader’s attention, and it is always wise to summarise key findings at the end of the section, providing a smooth intellectual transition to the interpretation and discussion that follows in most research papers. Any research suffers from specific limitations that range from common flaws (not justifying why your findings answer research questions) to serious problems in methodology or design. These recommendations will be based on the research and on any other relevant information available to the researcher, including their own past experience in a market or in business. Your research results have taken considerable time to obtain and analyse, so a little more time to stand back and take in the wider view from the research door you have opened is a wise investment. In theoretical implications, your findings are either confirming a theory or it is debunking it. It is often conducted using public funds under the guise of the common good . Learning as much as you can about the journal’s aims and scope as well as the interests of its readers is invaluable as well. You already went into detail on the experiment’s procedure and data you collected, so this summary serves as a reminder to the reader. Foreign-born single mothers coverage that are chronic condition in any waythe findings. Ask us anything! For example, if your research objective was … The ability to set these shortcomings plays a huge role in writing a successful academic paper and earning good grades. Sometimes, the data is too hard to comprehend or more sophisticated than expected. Comments on figures and tables (data commentary) usually have the following elements: One of the main findings of the survey was the confusion about the facilities already in place. Follow the steps below. This paper presents the likely results and findings of the proposed research on the social . Both are very important in research and complement each other, to bring home your point leaving no doubt in the mind of your readers. But if it is not, then it is falsified. Assessment of the Results of External Independent Reviews for U.S. Department of Energy Projects. These explanations you usually see under tables and graphs saying something like ‘fig1.2 shows…’ are what we call comments. Use of comments: These are used mainly for quantitative data presentation. The findings relate to the research questions that guided the study. They are reading your report because they want to know what exactly you have found out that is new. Research implications suggest how the findings may be important for policy, practice, theory, and subsequent research. Consider appendices for raw data that might interest specialists but prove too long or distracting for other readers. There are many effective ways in which to organise research findings. The active voice is often recommended by publishers and the authors of writing manuals, and the past tense is appropriate because the research has already been done. Posted by Rene Tetzner | Sep 2, 2019 | Paper Writing Advice | 0 |. 6.2 Major Findings of the Study 6.2.1 Findings based on the questionnaires completed by teachers (quantitative data) findings, tools, materials, etc., used by artisans. In addition to assistant to the station, we found that both remind us that somehow its more expensive to produce. Your readers will want to understand what you are reporting about your results, not waste time looking up terms simply to understand what you are saying. Read your prose aloud to catch language errors, awkward phrases and abrupt transitions. Ensure that the order in which you have presented results is the best order for focussing readers on your research objectives and preparing them for the interpretations, speculations, recommendations and other elements of the discussion that you are planning. At the end of your division, look at the ones that fall under topics related to your research and note them. This way, your readers have a sense of direction as to where your research paper is headed. The findings are the research questions that you found answers for during your research. Finally, I discuss the limitations and examine the implications of this study for future research and practice, Crossley and Watson (2003) reminding us of the need A logical approach to organising your findings section (Step 2) will help you tell a logical story about your research results as you explain, highlight, offer analysis and summarise the information necessary for readers to understand the discussion section that follows. Reporting them involves the use of: Subheadings: Qualitative data is usually presented in words as we have earlier mentioned. This data comes in a numerical form so, classifying it using tables and charts is way easier. Some specialised terminology may be required when reporting findings, but anything potentially unclear or confusing that has not already been defined earlier in the paper should be clarified for readers, and the same principle applies to unusual or nonstandard abbreviations. MY TARGET JOURNAL REJECTED MY RESEARCH PAPER: WHAT SHOULD I DO? If your findings are in line with a theory to which your research is based, it is confirmed.  Step 5: Review the draft of your findings section and edit and revise until it reports your key findings exactly as you would have them presented to your readers. This is why screening data gathered is important to avoid using unrelated data and presenting your findings using a well-defined structure to enable easy comprehension and support understanding when reading. The results section of the research paper is where you report the findings of your study based upon the information gathered as a result of the methodology [or methodologies] you applied. The use of graphs will help explain progressions as well as differences that exist and make it easier to compare variables. By the time they are done reading the important information and the less important ones, they would not understand you. You can decide to keep this information for future purposes (you never know when you are going to need them) but for now, do not add them to your project. 1. The SAI does not have any role on the disposal or the action taken on the audit findings. something that is found or ascertained. The academic or scientific discipline of the research, the field of specialisation, the particular author or authors, the targeted journal or other publisher and the editor making the decisions about publication can all have a significant impact. research findings could be translated into clinical practice are made. Check for accuracy and consistency in data across the section as a whole and all its visual elements. Law. The results section should simply state the findings, without bias or interpretation, and arranged in a … It is what makes up the bulk of your research as well as what the majority of your research viewers want to see; not your introduction, analysis, or abstract but your findings and the data gathered. It is not enough to just put the data in graphs and tables, an explanation has to follow. It may be best to present all the relevant findings and then explain them and your analysis of them, or explaining the results of each trial or test immediately after reporting it may render the material clearer and more comprehensible for your readers. Why? Someone's findings are the information they get or the conclusions they come to as the result of an investigation or some research. 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Choose for particular focus experimental results and other research discoveries that are particularly relevant to your research questions and objectives, and include them even if they are unexpected or do not support your ideas and hypotheses. Qualitative data is non-numerical and presented in the form of words while Quantitative data is numerical and very quantifiable. Use of Examples: This might seem trivial or not important but it is. But this does not mean that if you fail to triangulate your findings… Graphics, Charts, and Tables: This is usually prescribed for quantitative data. It is an important fact which the researcher discovers during research or survey. Examples are a simpler way of explaining your findings are data. The results section should state the findings of the research arranged in a logical sequence without bias or interpretation. The opinions of any additional readers you can recruit, whether they are professional mentors and colleagues or family and friends, will often prove invaluable as well. Theoretically, this is an interesting section of a dissertation because it involves writing what you have observed and found. Secondary research includes research material published in research reports and similar documents. Tables of various styles and figures of all kinds such as graphs, maps and photos are used in reporting research findings, but do check the journal guidelines for instructions on the number of visual aids allowed, any required design elements and the preferred formats for numbering, labelling and placement in the manuscript. Do not attempt to interpret your results, but rather present information objectively and informatively. Finding: Research resources in low-energy plasma science in the United States are eroding at an alarming rate. Interpretation, for instance, is usually reserved for a later discussion section, though not always – qualitative research papers often combine findings and interpretation. Generalizability and transferability of the research are two interrelated characteristics of research. What Is a Good H-Index Required for an Academic Position? 0. This way, the information is divided into smaller chunks; making it easier to understand and is not overwhelming for your readers. 0. Keep your audience, your most important evidence and your research goals in mind. 2 What is Needed to Write the Analysis and Findings Sections In the findings or results section, you report what the analysis revealed but only the factual matter of the results, not their implication or meaning. 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