Thank you for your patience. Canada officials have filed a claim on Arctic land based on a mostly-finished study of the Arctic seabed. Last March, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reminded the Arctic Council that “the US has a long contested feud with Canada over sovereign claims through the Northwest Passage.”. 351 King Street East, Suite 1600, Toronto, ON Canada, M5A 0N1, The future of Canada’s polar research uncertain as season of exploration ends, Scientists aboard the Amundsen operate in dangerous conditions while researching sea ice, Aboard the Amundsen: Ship’s scientists probe the future of Western Arctic, Due to technical reasons, we have temporarily removed commenting from our articles. See BarnabyJ. Currently, there is not much traffic, but traffic will likely increase as ice continues to melt. Under this international strait framework, Canada has the right to regulate most aspects of traffic in the waterway, yet cannot prohibit or restrict international shipping traffic. Geopolitics of the Arctic: While Caps Melt, Disputes Heighten The increasing warming of the Arctic is raising environmental risks as well as territorial disputes among the surrounding countries namely: the United States, Russia, Norway, Denmark, and Canada. But this decision also illustrates two contradictory policy issues that Canada still needs to resolve. RecoN June 18, 2019. In effect, they were invoking their laws in territory that Canada claims. If you would like to write a letter to the editor, please forward it to [email protected] Canada largely won a case before the World Trade Organization on Monday in a long-running dispute with the United States over U.S. duties imposed on Canadian softwood lumber exports. Why the lingering dispute between Denmark and Canada over a high Arctic island is so important ANALYSIS: The long-running dispute over an island halfway between Nunavut and Greenland is a reminder that sovereignty matters. Although sea ice, harsh conditions, and minimal navigational infrastructure make travel through the Northwest Passage dangerous, the swift pace of warming means that commercial shipping through the Northwest Passage routes will become more viable and common within the next few years. A joint US-Canada Arctic survey could help resolve a maritime border dispute - and unlock access to the energy and mineral wealth below the sea floor, says the BBC's Sian Griffiths in Ottawa. Thus, by the mid-1920s, the Arctic was already divided into different sectors by the US, USSR, Norway, Canada and Denmark, with the North Pole serving as the frozen divide between these claims. Justice Yvan Roy said Arctic Cat must pay BRP a royalty of $135 per unit on each of the nearly 21,000 snowmobiles infringing on the patent that were sold in Canada between 2008 and 2014. 2 Canada also has unresolved boundaries beyond 200 nautical miles from shore — between adjacent or opposing “extended continental shelves” — in the Beaufort Sea (with the United States), central Arctic Ocean (Denmark and Russia), Gulf of Maine (United States), and potentially off St. Pierre and Miquelon (France). The status of Tartupaluk Island (known as Hans Island in English According to a 2011 Arctic Council agreement, the U.S. is responsible for search and rescue in a wide swath of ocean stretching from Alaska to the North Pole and the Kamchatka Peninsula, an area that does not overlap with Canada’s territorial claim. Arctic Cat, a subsidiary of Textron Inc., and its Canadian dealers will be allowed to immediately resume the sale and delivery of its full lineup of snowmobiles in Canada. Readers can also interact with The Globe on Facebook and Twitter . John Robins has filed and been granted a … Since 1988, the United States and Canada—Arctic neighbors and partners in NATO and NORAD—have operated under the comfortable compromise of the Arctic Cooperation Agreement. His murder cannot be undone, and it is our most recent reminder of the fact that white supremacy, police violence, and racism are dangerously prevalent forces in America today… Read Full Statement. Anglo-American efforts to explore and chart the region often relied on Inuit and Danish peoples in Greenland. In fact, most of the Arctic maritime disputes occur between close allies, like the United States and Canada. Facing the challenges and seizing the opportunities that we face often require finding ways to work with others: through bilateral relations with our neighbours in the Arctic, through regional mechanisms like the Arctic Council, and through other multilateral institutions. US-Canada Arctic border dispute key to maritime riches. Furthermore, it appears that the relevant northern aboriginal peoples were fully involved in developing this policy to ensure that their long-term interests were respected and protected. The emotional response that both Americans and Canadians can have when they believe their sovereignty is threatened often overpowers the greater need for North American co-operation. Arctic seabed 'belongs to Russia' Published 20 September 2007. 0 133 2 minutes read. Photo: Image via Flickr (Coast Guard News), Your email address will not be published. A proposal for new oil and gas drilling leases in the Beaufort Sea could re-ignite a long-simmering border dispute between the United States and Canada. Hoping … However, regardless of how much progress is made on curbing emissions, warming will continue for the foreseeable future. Canada has long claimed the Northwest Passage as internal territorial waters, on the basis of a long history of native Inuit use of the waters, as well as legal arguments stemming from decades-old cases settled by the the International Court of Justice. This means we must find ways of resolving or removing the Beaufort boundary dispute as an issue to ensure that we are not fighting amongst ourselves when the other fishers begin to arrive. The first concerns the long standing boundary dispute that Canada has with the United States regarding the Beaufort Sea. The Canadian decision to place a moratorium on commercial fishing in its Arctic waters is both a bold and a necessary step. Canada was the first nation to claim vast swaths of territory in the Arctic Ocean in 1925. The bottom of the Arctic Ocean has been in the news this week, with the US finally giving Shell permission to drill oil from its depths, and Russia submitting an updated territorial claim that states it owns an additional 1.2 square kilometres of seabed near the North Pole - some of which Denmark and Canada already assert ownership of. The feud has been a visible point of contention a number of times in the past. But the rest of the world will not be so understanding. [16] Canada planned to submit their claim to a portion of the Arctic continental shelf in 2018. Welcome to The Globe and Mail’s comment community. Following the purchase of Alaska by the United States, and the formation of Canada in 1867, British and Americaninterest in the area increased. Anglo-American efforts to explore and chart the region often relied on Inuit and Danish peoples in Greenland. Agreeing on the Arctic: Amid dispute, Canada sides with China over the U.S. on how to manage the North . Share. Beyond each country's 200 exclusive economic zone, international law stipulates that the Arctic waters will be open to international fishing once the ice is gone. The report identifies the dual disputes the U.S. has with Ottawa over the status of the Northwest Passage and with Moscow over the Northern Sea Route, along Russia’s Arctic … In 2010, for example, during the Medvedev presidency, Russia and Norway struck a sea border deal, dividing 175,000 km2 of undersea “land,” much of which has oil and gas-rich deposits. Yet, this dispute is just one of many geopolitical disputes the U.S. currently has with Russia; in contrast, the dispute with Canada has more and larger implications for the U.S., as the Northwest Passage could be a major route for shipping commercial goods between Alaska and the East Coast or supplying U.S. military installations in Thule, Greenland. The Northwest Passage was explored as a possible navigation route for centuries before a successful passage was made in 1903-1906 by Roald Amundsen. Within the Arctic Council, its eight members – Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Russia and the United States – sought to promote the Arctic as a zone of cooperation and joint problem-solving, while recognising the distinct geography, demographics and economics of the Far North. The U.S. claims would create a triangular shaped EEZ for Yukon/Canada. But in order to respond to the second issue, Canada and the United States will need to closely co-operate in the face of growing international pressures. A longtime mining geologist and developer has come up with his own solution to Canada's long-running Arctic sovereignty dispute with Denmark. Continental shelf area: approximately 1.2 million square kilometres What has made this dispute difficult to resolve is that it is believed that the region contains substantial oil and gas deposits. The U.S. is engaged in  a similar dispute with Russia, which has increased its military presence on its northern coast, controls all shipping traffic along the Northern Sea Route, and is expanding economic development of the region in conjunction with China. While it is not known if the remaining commercially important fish stocks will move northward, if they do, the fishing fleets will follow. Our differences regarding the Northwest Passage are better known, but we have also had an ongoing dispute with the Americans as to how to divide the Beaufort Sea. Justice Yvan Roy said Arctic Cat must pay BRP a royalty of $135 per unit on each of the nearly 21,000 snowmobiles infringing on the patent that were sold in Canada between 2008 and 2014. Negotiations were reignited in 2018, as a U.S. focus on the Arctic increased, and efforts to find a solution to the Thule issue intensified. The U.S-Canadian dispute on the passage re-emerged in Canada’s national spotlight in 1985 when the controversial transit of the USCGC Polar Sea through the passage sparked outrage in Canada… BRP, Arctic Cat reach global settlement over patent dispute between snowmobile rivals 2020-11-02 Nav Canada looking at cutting air traffic controllers at 7 towers across Canada Political rhetoric has also brought the issue back to the fore. Furthermore, the dispute did not prevent cooperation between the countries. Published 2 August 2010. Since the 1980s, the U.S. and Canada have essentially agreed to disagree on the issue, with little discourse on the issue until now. Facebook Twitter Share via Email Print. With Danish control over Greenland established in 1815, Denmark has long had a significant presence in the High Arctic region. The fact that Canada has now come to implement a similar policy demonstrates that on the issue area the two countries' share the same view of protecting fish stock in the region. Demand for Arctic resources and shipping lanes will rapidly increase as warming continues, and responsible management of this demand will be very difficult absent agreement between the U.S. and Canada. The Northwest Passage is a sea route to the Pacific Ocean via the Arctic Ocean on the coast of North America via the Arctic Archipelago. As temperatures rise and the ice continues to melt, shipping routes through the Arctic could cut transit times by 40% on major routes like those connecting  China and Europe. Consequently, the inevitable rise in shipping will lead to other concerns – such as how to ensure adequate search and rescue (SAR) capabilities in the event of emergencies. Closer cooperation or mutual agreement over how to deploy SAR capabilities, potentially including both countries, could be another step towards a solution. Ultimately, Canada and the United States must develop a common front to ensure the proper protection of fish stock in the Arctic waters. Other Arctic nations, including the United States, Canada, and Denmark, lavish far less attention on their northern territories. The placement of a fishing moratorium by both countries demonstrate that both nations understand the complexity of the issue, and are willing to place scientific understanding ahead of profit. It is critically important that both governments find ways to cooperate on environmental issues. We can expect serious opposition from the rest of the world. Last weekend, and on Wednesday, agents from Fisheries and Oceans Canada … With melting ice and natural resources becoming accessible countries in the Arctic region are competing for them. Some information in it may no longer be current. Canada, Greenland and Denmark are inching toward settling the remaining grey areas along their Arctic boundaries. Many died. Canada and Russia are locked in a decades-old dispute over which country owns vast stretches of the Arctic, and the potentially rich resources beneath the otherwise deserted ice and snow. However, this arrangement may soon prove to be untenable as shipping traffic in the region rapidly increases. In this sense, the U.S. has very little leverage over Canada – it cannot offer assistance in regulating, patrolling, or otherwise administering maritime traffic in the Arctic. IP Dispute May Slow Canada’s Plans to Procure New Frigates This kind of story has become common, although it less commonly involves allies and domestic production contracts. Canada and the United States enjoy a peaceful coexistence – as allies and trading partners, they tend to cooperate on most important issues. Canada ratified UNCLOS on 7 November 2003 and had through 2013 to file its claim to an extended continental shelf. The U.S. has no permanent SAR presence above the Arctic Circle, and has only one icebreaker operating in the region compared to Russia’s fleet of 40 icebreakers or Canada’s ten. Russia has been open to the peaceful and fair settling of disputes in the Arctic region as well. The United States rejects Canada's claim that the Northwest Passage is an internal waterway, holding instead that the passage is an international waterway that should not be subject to Canadian jurisdiction. However the success of Russia and Norway in resolving a similar dispute in the Barents Sea in 2010 renewed pressures on Canada and the United States to reach a similar agreement. In 2018, 20 million tons of cargo passed through the Northwest Passage; though miniscule compared to most established international shipping lanes, they doubled from the previous year. Social Sharing . Canada and the United States should expect little co-operation from the other Arctic nations in this regards. Last March, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo reminded the Arctic Council that “the US has a long contested feud with Canada over sovereign claims through the Northwest Passage.” The feud has been a visible point of contention a number of times in the past. We hope to have this fixed soon. The Beaufort Sea maritime boundary dispute has traditionally been understood as involving a wedge-shaped area of maritime space that extends to a distance of 200 nautical miles north of the terminus of the Canada-United States border between the Yukon Territory and Alaska. © Copyright 2020 The Globe and Mail Inc. All rights reserved. US-Canada Arctic border dispute key to maritime riches. Non-subscribers can read and sort comments but will not be able to engage with them in any way. Russia and Canada bicker over Arctic seabed 16 Sep, 2010 09:15 ... among them are Finland, Sweden, Norway, Iceland, the United States, Denmark, and the list is bound to grow. However, prior to this event in 2009, the Americans unilaterally placed a moratorium on commercial fishing in its Arctic waters, including the disputed zone. Among the matters resolved is the dispute related to BRP’s patents that place the rider closer to the front of the sled and Arctic Cat’s full-sized snowmobiles with pyramidal frame designs. Click here to subscribe. Now is the time to get rid of the irritants so that we can face the more dangerous challenges. The United States is our premier partner in the Arctic and our goal is a more str… THE Arctic Circle may be Santa's home, but it is set to become the world's new disputed territory, with different nations seeking to exploit the region for a range of economic and military purposes. 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