with cerebral palsy and motor neuron disorders. However many of these studies have been inconclusive secondary to ... repetitive exercises, patients learn the new motor plans and build strength at the same time. Summary of findings of the selected intervention studies (population, intervention, and control). However, this level of exercise may be effective in maintaining the gain in strength following resistance training [24]. This paper addressed the focus of current research on aquatic physical activity programs for children and adolescents with CP from August 2005 to January 2011. 1 The feasibility of an aquatic exercise program for children with GMFCS levels IV and V, however, is more difficult than one for higher functioning levels of CP. ... hydrodynamics and body mechanics for hydrotherapy. This impacts the methodological rigour and increases type I error (false positives) [21]. These were typically performed for a long period of time and included activities such as water walking, swimming lengths, and lengths of kicking. The review was done as part of the Stay-FIT study that is funded by the Ontario Federation for Cerebral Palsy. In future research, a wider population including several types of CP and higher GMFCS levels, IV and V, should be studied. Hydrotherapy is also known to have useful implications in the treatment of children with neurodevelopmental disorders by improving their ... Severity and type of exercises For cerebral palsy patients, a variety of techniques of hydrotherapy such as Halliwick, aerobic and non-aerobic … Methods: A 5-year-old girl with spastic diplegia classified at level III on the Gross Motor Function Classification System participated in this single-subject A-B-A design study. The principles behind the swimming method can be applied to all people regardless of age or mental or physical ability. 6 It was developed by James McMillan in 1949. COPM: Canadian occupational performance measure, EEI: energy expenditure index, FRT: functional reach test, FTS: floor to stand, GMFM: gross motor function measure, HHD: hand-held dynamometer, MMT: manual muscle testing, OGS: observational gait scale, PAQ: physical activity questionnaire, PEDI: pediatric evaluation of disability inventory, PedsQL-FS: pediatric quality of life multidimensional fatigue scale, ROM: range of motion, SLS: single limb stance, SPS: self-perception scale, TUG: timed up and go test, 6MWT: 6-minute walk test. We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly as possible. The included papers were read by the authors, and the data was extrapolated and organized into PICO tables (Tables 2 and 3). A. O. M. Claassen, J. W. Gorter, D. Stewart, O. Verschuren, B. E. Galuppi, and L. J. Shimmell, “Becoming and staying physically active in adolescents with cerebral palsy: protocol of a qualitative study of facilitators and barriers to physical activity,”, G. Guyatt, R. Jaeschke, K. Prasad, and D. Cook, “Summarizing the evidence,” in, J. W. Gorter, P. L. Rosenbaum, S. E. Hanna et al., “Limb distribution, motor impairment, and functional classification of cerebral palsy,”, O. Verschuren, L. Ada, D. B. Maltais, J. W. Gorter, A. Scianni, and M. Ketelaar, “Muscle strengthening in children and adolescents with spastic cerebral palsy: considerations for future resistance training protocols,”, A. D. Faigenbaum, W. J. Kraemer, C. J. Blimkie et al., “Youth resistance training: updated position statement paper from the national strength and conditioning association,”, L. Holsbeeke, M. Ketelaar, M. M. Schoemaker, and J. W. Gorter, “Capacity, capability, and performance: different constructs or three of a kind?”, M. Fragala-Pinkham, M. E. O'Neil, and S. M. Haley, “Summative evaluation of a pilot aquatic exercise program for children with disabilities,”. However, there is a lack of aquatic activity programming for this population, and thus the effectiveness of such interventions for persons with CP has not been well evaluated [6]. In the early months of pregnancy – for example, if the mother is exposed to certain infections such as Rubella (German Measles), or Cytomegalovirus (CMV). Inclusion criteria were population (children and adolescents with CP), intervention (aquatic: aerobic, anaerobic, strength, and other), and outcome (body function, activity, and participation). Experience the freedom of movement in water, with a hydrotherapy or aquatic exercise program. Aquatic exercise programs may be a beneficial form of therapy for children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP), particularly for those with significant movement limitations where land-based physical activity is difficult. The following fictional case study will include an assessment, treatment and evidence that supports aquatic therapy for a four year old child diagnosed with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy (CP). Hydrotherapy is activity or exercise that is performed in warm water to help a person to achieve the goals set for their therapy. It is a disorder which develops due to damage to CNS and this damage can take place before, during, or immediately after the birth of the child. Hydrotherapy can be used in children and adolescents with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy, but the exercises chosen must be in accordance with the physical and cognitive conditions of the patients. Outcome measures such as gross motor function measure (GMFM), the functional reach test, and timed up and go were considered to measure activity. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted research articles as well as case reports and case series related to COVID-19. 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