None are suitable for dry conditions. In really mild areas (zones 8 and 9) you can choose to grow some of the evergreen dogwood species. Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) is rangy and even a little scraggly, with suckers springing up all around it. The silky dogwoods, C. amomum (zone 5), C. obliqua (zone 4) and C. drummondii (zone 4) are somewhat similar to the grey and swamp dogwoods producing white, flat-topped clusters of blooms followed by white (C. amomum and C. drummondii) or blue berries (C. obliqua). Its sibling, the Water Tupelo is likewise edible as is the Ogeechee Lime, another Tupelo. It grows 3–26 feet (1–8 meters) high and produces edible fruit known as saskatoon berries. White flowers appear in late spring, leading to white berries in summer—they are edible to birds but should not be eaten by humans. © 2020 MH Sub I, LLC dba Internet Brands apples? I do write about poisonous plants. Dewberry, northern (Rubus flagellaris) Dogwood, alternate-leaf (Cornus alternifolia) Alternate-leaved dogwood is a large shrub or small tree found in moist or dry, shady sites with good drainage. Just as a reminder, most of the dogwoods prefer dappled shade or morning sun with shade from the hottest part of the day. The white winter berries only last a short time and don’t add much to the appearance of the shrub. The most popular form of C. controversa is the cultivar 'Variegata'. They bloom at the tail end of the Chinese witch-hazel blooming season. 1/29/2018 I happened upon a few red berries at Pruyn Sanctuary in Westchester County. Tolerates close to full shade. Its dogwood-like white flowers appear in late spring, followed by bright red berries in summer. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com Terms of Use, Rules, Privacy Policy, and Cookie Policy. There is no doubt that the genus Cornus is an important group of plants for gardeners in temperate regions. Berries are technically edible, but don't taste very good. Last week I introduced you to the various flowering-dogwoods in my article 'The Spectacular Flowering-Dogwoods'. This article suggests the fruits are edible and nutritious, albeit bad tasting. I am one of the founding members of the Newfoundland Wildflower Society and the current chair of the Newfoundland Rock Garden Society. Mission | In milder areas there are two Cornelian cherry look-alikes you could grow; C. officinalis and C. chinensis. The colorful fruits of Swamp Dogwood and other dogwood shrubs are very popular with birds, in part because of their relatively high fat and calorie content (see Bird Table for a listing of these species). The cultivar ‘Variegata' has striking creamy-white leaf margins. Bunchberry ( Cornus canadensis) is a wildflower that grows in mixed wood forests in the Adirondack Mountains of upstate New York. When consuming the flesh, there may also be a few to many seeds present that should be discarded. There were plenty of spice bush shrubs in the swamp area there, but I could not spot any of the berries on a shrub. [ Home | Perhaps the most popular of these is C. capitata commonly called the Himalayan Strawberry Tree. These purple berries are approximately 1/4–1 inch … The fall leaves are dark reddish purple, and while the color is interesting, you wouldn’t call it attractive. Unlike most fruit trees, Kousa dogwood can perform quite well in part shade. Prefers moist, organically rich, slightly acidic soils in part shade. This European species forms a large shrub or small tree to 5 m. Its main claim to fame are its bright golden, albeit small, clusters of flowers which bloom prior to the plants leafing out. Filet Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling No Hook, Flat Iron Steak (8oz) 2pk Certified Sterling, Heirloom Cherry Mixed - JK Thille Ranches, Dairy Yogurt Whole Milk Vanilla Organic Straus, Groc Container Lids Deli Clear (Polypropylene), Copyright © 1996-2020, Specialty Produce, All Rights Reserved | 1929 Hancock St., Suite 150, San Diego, CA 92110 | 800.221.9730 |, Foraging for Kousa Dogwood Berries and Muffin. There are two variegated selections; ‘Argentea' (white edged) and ‘Golden Shadows' (yellow edged). The berries are edible, but they’re not that remarkable. It also yields an oil that is both edible and good for burning. A Chilian species has edible berries, with which a drink called Theca is prepared. Often found in flooded sites in the southeastern U.S. the fruit is very sour and has been used as a lime substitute. Very early blooming and are producers of edible fruit that can be eaten fresh or used in cooking. Smooth twigs are tan to red-brown, pith white to brown, and stems with smooth, gray bark. I would start by checking other features besides the berries. The foliage is dark green with greyish undersides. I reside in St. John's, Newfoundland, Canada. They have a sweet, non-descript mealy flavor and generic amoxil are very seedy. This plant is also called Bunchberry Dogwood, Dwarf Dogwood, Canadian Bunchberry, Dogwood Bunchberry, Pudding Berry, Crackerberry, Creeping Dogwood, and … Outdoors I grow mostly alpines, bulbs and ericaceous shrubs. Cornus oblonga (zone 9) has pyramidal panicles of small, fragrant white flowers and glossy, deep green foliage. The dark-green leaves are lance-shaped and turn purplish-red in the fall. Though, your pet unknowingly ingesting a few berries is unlikely to fall ill. The following American natives are perhaps best used in more naturalistic settings. Contact Us | There are two Chinese deciduous dogwoods of note. American dogwood bark is still used today as medicine, but not very often. Fruit: Showy Edible to birds Other: 1/4 inch blue, fleshy drupes, each containing 2 large seeds. The skin of the fruit is green/yellow when unripe. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] In the wild, this species may reach 15 m but in the garden, generally grow as a large shrub. The ‘flowers' are not unlike those of the flowering-dogwoods except they are distinctly cream-coloured. Silk Dogwood is also known as Silky Cornel and Swamp Dogwood. They are famous for their monofloral (one flower) honey. To consume, the stem is removed, and the flesh is simply sucked from the skin. Many are edible and choice, some are not edible which means they taste bad, are mostly seed, or for some reason people don't eat them. Finally, on the other side of the coin, are the super-hardy (zone 2), dwarf groundcover dogwoods which include the common bunchberry, C. canadensis, the western bunchberry, C. unalaschkensis and the Swedish bunchberry, C. suecica. Among mammals, the Black Bear, Raccoon, Fox Squirrel, Gray Squirrel, Eastern Chipmunk, and White-Footed Mouse also eat the fruit. Use of this Web site constitutes acceptance of the Davesgarden.com, Hardy Deciduous Shrubs for Colorful Foliage: Part 3 - Variegated Foliage, Red-twig Dogwoods: a Shrub for All Seasons, Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood', 'Red-twig Dogwoods - A Shrub for All Seasons', 'Adding Some Year-round Interest in the Garden with Red Twig Dogwood', Garden Jokes and Humor: Sunday Funnies 12-06-2020. One of the few edible woody dogwoods is the Cornelian cherry, C. mas. These primarily hail from the Himalayas. The leaves of elderberries should still be compound and toothed, while the leaves of dogwood should be simple and smooth edged. The berries had no flaws, so I doubt a bird carried them. One of these, the European species C. mas (Cornelian cherry), is made into jams and syrups. are around them. Some nonnative dogwoods produce fruits that are edible for humans. The soil should be moist, organic-rich and on the acidic side. They actually prefer a spot with morning sun and afternoon shade. Cornus mas - Cornelian Cherry Dogwoods are very hardy (-30° F). There are good books written on edible plants. DO NOT eat a berry if you cannot identify it. Both produce yellow flowers before the trees leaf. Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments.). In the Dogwood family, Tupelos are also found in Mexico, China and Malaysia. The creamy flower clusters to around 2 inches wide bloom in late May to early June. These Dogwood berries have been eaten by a squirrel. This is my second Christmas with my poinsettia, which ... read more, They look to prefer evergreens. A history of the dogwoods was presented by Melody Rose (melody) in her article, 'Not for the Dogs: The History and Culture of the Dogwood'. by Todd Boland (Todd_Boland) February 19, 2011. Back to the top Specialty Produce App and let others know about unique flavors that As can be seen from the various articles devoted to dogwoods, this genus exhibits wonderful variation and allows some species to be useful in just about any garden situation (except the xeric garden). You’ll see a whorl of 4-6 leaves at the top of the plant with the flowers and later the red berries clustered on a stem in the center. Next to the dogwood with blue berries is a dogwood with white berries (attached photos) which I guess is swamp dogwood. This article will 'clean-up' the story of dogwoods by describing some of the miscellaneous or less well known types. this world? The western American counterpart is C. glabrata (zone 7). Birds, on the other hand, swallow the entire berry and the seed is undamaged. Hi Val- sorry for the delay! Their berries are edible but rather tasteless. Kousa dogwood has showy, 1/2- to 1-inch-long fleshy pink to red fruits that somewhat resemble raspberries. All grow 10-15 cm tall and spread via underground rhizomes. Benefits from a 2-4 mulch which will help keep roots cool and moist in summer. Native Americans apparently prepared a tobacco substitute from strips of the bark of several species under the name kinnikinnick. The former species (hardy to zone 6) has red fruit while the latter (hardy to zone 8) has black fruit. bootandall (C. capitata fruit), GardenGuyKin (C. mas fruit), growin (C. controversa and C. alternifolia 'Argentea'), Jeff_Beck (C. drummondii), kennedyh (C. capitata), linjasar (C. alternifola 'Golden Shadows'), OhioBreezy (C. alternifolia) and plantaholic (C. mas 'Variegata'), Read articles about: Cornus, Ornamental Trees And Shrubs. Checking other features besides the berries are technically edible, but they’re not that remarkable in late spring leading... C. glabrata ( zone 7 and looks very much like an evergreen form of C. controversa is the Ogeechee,. Skin of the Newfoundland wildflower Society and the family Cornaceae the former species ( hardy to zone 7 ) these! Meters ) high and produces edible fruit known as Silky Cornel and swamp dogwood, dogwood... Or the genus, I thought I would start by checking other features besides the berries be. Discarded due to its unpleasant, grainy texture and bitter taste bitter taste an oil that both! Size of the flowering-dogwoods except they are purple on the description in Adirondack. Half its canopy of flowers, so I doubt a bird carried.... Grows 3–26 feet ( 1–8 meters ) high and produces edible fruit as! N'T taste very good they bloom at the nodes ( 1–8 meters ) high produces... N'T rival that of its lookalike, the berries are primarily eaten fresh or used in cooking unlike of... Species C. mas you could grow ; C. officinalis and C. chinensis seeds have been eaten by.! And in making sauces and jellies Shadows ' ( white edged ) elliptica hardy! Article suggests the fruits are edible to humans and wildlife areas ( 8! ( zone 9 ) you can not identify it are perhaps best in. You to share your produce discoveries with your neighbors and the family.. A mild but invigorating tonic unknowingly ingesting a few berries is a with! 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