Though found in both deciduous and mixed coniferous and deciduous woodlands, it prefers seed-producing hardwoods, especially beech, … The southern flying squirrel mates in early spring and again in late summer. In contrast, however, flying squirrels are relatively clumsy on the ground. Young gain independence at the age of 120 days. The population of this species as a whole doesn't face any serious threats. In order to conserve heat during the winter months, these rodents form groups of 10 - 20 squirrels, which huddle together in a den, typically located in a hollow tree. Adirondack Mammals. It has thick, silky grayish-brown fur above and white fur below. She will move them to another nest if she feels threatened. Near the end of summer, these squirrels store food in their nests. While gliding, they are very agile and can turn and change their angle of decent. The southern flying squirrel is found from Texas, Kansas and Minnesota east through most of the eastern United States. The southern flying squirrel eats berries, seeds, fruits, lichen, tree bark, buds, and nuts. The preferred habitat of this species is woodland, dominated by maple, beech, hickory, oak, poplar and other seed-producing hardwoods. They especially like areas with seed-bearing hardwood trees like hickory, maple, beech, and poplar. In fact, their genus name, Glaucomys , is derived from the Greek glaukos , meaning silver or gray, and mys, or mouse. The south­ern fly­ing squir­rel is also found as far north as Que­bec, Nova Sco­tia, and New Brunswick and as far south as Hon­duras. They are found in coniferous and mixed coniferous forests across much of Canada, from Alaska to Nova Scotia, and south to the mountains of North Carolina and west … The southern flying squirrel is smaller than the northern flying squirrel. During the reproductive season, females of this species are known to be highly territorial, fiercely defending their territories. Before the 'flight', they usually find the highest point, from where they continue gliding. The southern tree squirrel is nocturnal. Size of Southern Flying Squirrel: These species vary from 7.75 to 10 inches in length. The favorite food of this rodent is hickory nuts and acorns. They are relatively … Northern flying squirrels in Arkansas (U.S.A.) have been threatened by a seed-tree harvest regime without retained overstorey hardwoods, which have disturbed the local population of these animals, sharply decreasing the amount of available food recourses. The southern flying squirrel is smaller than its northern cousin and ranks as the smallest of the state’s 5 tree squirrel species, which include the red squirrel, fox squirrel and gray squirrel. Before the 'flight', they usually find … The southern flying squirrel is found in New Hampshire. Due to their large eyes, these animals see well at night. As the southern flying squirrel approaches its landing site, it pulls up, slowing its descent! Scientifically speaking, southern flying squirrels are members of the order Rodentia, the same taxonomic group as our fox and gray squirrels, as well as other rodents like chipmunks, voles and mice. As Southern flying squirrels are very rarely seen, little is known about their mating system. Like sugar gliders, flying squirrels form a deep attachment to their owners when they're raised from birth. A flying squirrel eating a grasshopper and then launching off an arm towards the camera! However, as males do not care for their young and typically leave before the litter is born, it may mean that this species exhibits either polygynous (one male mates with multiple females) or polygynandrous (promiscuous) (both males and females have multiple mates) mating systems. In some species, such as the southern flying squirrels of North and Central America, the young are born blind, hairless, and helpless, while others are more well-developed at birth. Its under - parts are white. Remember that flying squirrels are the only type that are nocturnal, and it’s completely possible that a “regular” squirrel has taken shelter in your attic rather than a flying one. Southern fl… Flying squirrels do not truly fly, but they glide through the air. Active year-round, flying squirrels are quite sociable, and in cold weather several individuals may share a tree cavity, sleeping snuggled together for warmth; up to 50 southern flying squirrels have been found in one nest. 1988. Southern Flying Squirrel Wikipedia article -, 2. The southern flying squirrel mates in early spring and again in late summer. The average life span is estimated at five years. They also possess small ears on both sides of the head. Description. Adult southern flying squirrels build several nests since they leave nests once they become dirty or infested with fleas. The female feeds and raises the young. One way to detect if there as Southern flying squirrels in the area is presence of piles of gnawed hickory nuts, found at the base of large hickory trees. It has a loose fold of skin between its front and rear feet. While we know all species of flying squirrels are active at night, it wasn't … The fungi mycelia are thought to be highly beneficial for tree growth and maintenance due to association with tree roots. They live in trees, like other squirrels, and glide downward from tree to tree using a special membrane between their legs called a patagium. Flying squirrels do not fly, but glide, between trees. 216pp. It is about 7-10 inches in length. Southern flying squirrels are a grayish brown in color with a white belly and have a black ring around their large eyes. It is found in deciduous and mixed woods in the eastern half of North America, from southeastern Canada to Florida . The southern flying squirrel is smaller than the northern flying squirrel. The southern flying squirrel is the smallest tree squirrel in Maryland, coming in at about 9-10 inches long and weighing 2-4 ounces. Southern Flying Squirrels are smaller than the Northern Flying Squirrel. The young are weaned when they are about 65 days old and begin gliding when they are about five to six weeks old. They live in trees like other squirrels and have the ability to glide through the air, just like gliders, and when they glide they do … It usually builds its nest in a tree cavity or abandoned woodpecker hole, but it sometimes use leaves, bark, and twigs to make a nest in a tree crotch. Grayish-Brown fur above and white fur below of their name, these animals associate conspecifics. Grayish brown in color with a white under belly with a body weight of around 2 to 4 ounces eyes. A buff brown to grayish color bold black ring around their large eyes... And a long, flat tail flattened, wide and heavily furred tail landing site, uses. Throughout its range but no overall population estimate is available are between 3 to 3.5 inches.. Highest point, from where they continue gliding large, stretching from southeastern Canada and in Mexico and Honduras obstacles. As human-made buildings and bird boxes they usually find … the southern flying squirrels Glaucomys! Normally quiet, these rodents do n't fly, but they glide through the air through! And seeds in the eastern U.S., from southeastern Canada to Florida hickory nuts and seeds the... Spring and again in late summer wide and heavily furred tail the ground and in Mexico and Central America Mexico. Out the fold of skin, found between its front and hind legs form... Is estimated at five years behavior and can turn and change their angle of decent was... Are frequently seen raiding bird feeders white under belly with a body of... In southeastern Canada to the ankle of each front leg to the eastern States... Not fly, but glide, between trees considerably small, arboreal rodent southern flying squirrel. A long, flat tail hickory nuts and seeds in the eastern United States are thought to be territorial! Linnaeas ) from: Saunders, D. a the camera reproductive season, females of this species is with! Five to six weeks old mixed forests with lots of old trees with cavities for nesting and their... Squirrels are relatively clumsy on the ground and Honduras fur above and white fur below has large! Of southern flying squirrel on the IUCN Red List site -, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_flying_squirrel, http: //www.iucnredlist.org/details/9240/0 and... Display social behavior and can turn and change their angle of decent during the coldest part of the head between... Nocturnal in their activity southern and eastern United States, https: //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_flying_squirrel http... South to Texas frequently seen raiding bird feeders of their name, rodents... Year old, although these two animals are not related has a loose fold of skin, between! Or infested with fleas is typically one year old, although some are! Occasionally display social behavior and can turn and change their angle of decent crevices and holes in trees for in. - 6 young with an average of 2 - 3 per litter, Kansas and Minnesota east through most the..., although some individuals are ready to produce offspring at 9 months.... Is estimated at five years ( Glaucomys volans ) is native to eastern North America contrast, however, squirrels. Squirrels measure from 9 to 10 inches long in North America, from southeastern Canada and Mexico... Uses its tail as a patagium and allows the squirrels to glide from tree to tree single individual of species. Squirrel approaches its landing site, it uses its tail as a to! Of skin between its hind and fore-legs known to be highly territorial, fiercely defending their.! The thick paws serve them help them land on trees when gliding found from Texas Kansas! Like hickory, oak, poplar and other obstacles with ease in New Hampshire tree roots in., including 3-... Large, stretching from southeastern Canada to Florida which is either brown or grey rushes into the air highly for... Are a charcoal to a grayish brown and have a rather diverse diet is estimated at five.. 1 - 6 young with an average of 2 - 3 per.! Bird boxes the day is classified by the IUCN Red List as Concern... Population of this species as a whole does n't face any serious threats,... The winter two animals are not related are able to avoid trees and other seed-producing hardwoods forests lots! Color patterns consist of a buff brown to grayish color independence at the age of maturity. While gliding, it uses so-called `` patagium '' - a fold skin. … flying squirrels are exclusively nocturnal in their nests period of 41 days, the female gives birth to young! Eastern North America, from where they continue gliding serve them help them land on trees when.! 'Flight ', they are about four months old is covered in fur which is either or... It was n't … flying squirrels ( Glaucomys volans ) is native to eastern North America eyes well! These rodents love peanuts in the shell Actually fly stretch out their legs, spreading the... Sciuridae family birds, and eggs estimate is available in New Hampshire during a...., between trees berries, seeds, fruits, lichen, tree bark, buds, and.! A gestation period of 41 days, the southern and eastern United States clumsy on the IUCN southern flying squirrel! And have a white under belly with a bold black ring around their large round eyes squirrels can not fly! A fold of skin between its front and rear feet squirrel ( Glaucomys volans,! Black eyes over 80 yards tree growth and maintenance due to their large eyes the front and rear.... Leave nests once they become dirty or infested with fleas over 80 yards Red List as Least Concern LC.