So the ISIS coalition, while, you know, too much suffering had already occurred, I think was very important. That was the concept originally. Q: Ambassador Power, thank you for your talk. (�� Anna Lindh Professor of the Practice of Global Leadership and Public Policy, Harvard Kennedy School; Professor of Practice, Harvard Law School, Vice President, National Program and Outreach, Council on Foreign Relations. 3 0 obj
You know, we relied on those small countries. And you’d love to see something much more representative of the 2017, you know, kind of power dynamics. And there’s a lot of work, of course, left to be done. (�� (�� (�� I think—I think that the U.N. as such has never made a great bumper sticker, you know, for lack of a better word. (�� (�� What the U.N. is that I expected, with the U.N. as a stage where countries come together to be themselves, and they bring—they park their conceptions of their national interests, they park their values such as they are, and they advocate for them in one big scrum. (�� The (�� Q: Thank you for speaking with us. (�� Academic Webinar: The Road to Peace in Afghanistan, Conference Call And so, you know, if you’ve living in a district that’s represented particularly by Republicans, who have tended to be particularly hard on the U.N. and very suspicious of—you know, I think a really quite far-fetched idea of what the U.N. or the secretary-general would ever be capable of doing. The success of the U.N. and the limits of the U.N. to perform a constructive role in the world that we need it to perform, those limits and that extent is defined by member states—of which there are 193—and very specifically by the powerful member states, specifically the permanent members of the Security Council—the United States, Britain, France, China, and Russia—but also, you know, the emerged powers like India, Japan, you know, Germany. And so I think that those questions that the American people—some share of the American people are asking on the right and left are very reasonable questions. (�� (�� (�� (�� . (�� So thank you all. International law is not the main instrument for fighting the virus. (�� John McCain and Lindsey Graham are the leaders they are on foreign policy in the—in the GOP, in part because they know the world so well. Indeed, the role of anything international seems uncertain in this crisis. (�� But it is just a pulpit, and he will be at his best and at his most effective when he can get the major powers to be going in the same direction. (�� OPERATOR: Our next question comes from Washington and Lee University. So I’ll just give a very broad overview at the outset and, again, try to be succinct. (�� (�� From 2013 to 2017, she served as the 28th U.S. permanent representative to the United Nations, as well as a member of President Obama’s Cabinet. The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat is a vital interface between global policies in the economic, social and environmental spheres and national action. One on North Korea, with the gulags and so forth. (�� And I was inspired, in fact, to become an attorney because of Khrushchev yelling at the podium, pounding on the podium with his shoe, screaming, “ya khochu mira,” I want peace. And that’s one reason our foreign policy has become more divided on partisan lines than we had seen previously. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� So that’s what I think, just anything you could do to sort of encourage people who are on the more skeptical side to just—to get some more exposure and to see it up close, so it isn’t just the negative bumper sticker. (�� (�� (�� So you have countries that just dig in and just want to kind of protect their turf or their sinecures. (�� So it’s not what you would like to see. (�� Council on Foreign Relations 9/27 Academic Conference Call on The Role of the United Nations in Global Governance with Samantha Power And the precepts worked well, I might add. (�� But fundamentally it’s those countries that make the U.N. work in service of what you might call global governance. (�� If we tomorrow would see a Rwanda, 800,000 people being killed in 100 days and the world stood by. %&'()*456789:CDEFGHIJSTUVWXYZcdefghijstuvwxyz��������������������������������������������������������������������������� (�� (�� (�� POWER: —Irina, and thanks to CFR for all of the work that you all do to try to sustain a constituency to even have a foreign policy in a time when people are quite tempted to turn inward and where our polarization is impeding constructive action, unfortunately, on a lot of fronts. (�� I think that the signs are there that he could do the same to the United Nations. (�� Let’s begin with long-held positions about the Global South’s role in the normative structures that circumscribe both global governance and the United Nations (Weiss & Abdenur 2014). And frankly, a willingness on the part of the Russian Federation to initially look away from and then contribute to some of the worst atrocities that we’ve seen in the last 50 years. (�� And any, what? (�� In terms of, you know, what you can do of state building in a conflict environment. Numerous new players have emerged that have a say in world politics and, to some extent, challenge the longstanding supremacy of the state. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (Laughter.) And you, Samantha, and the rest of our diplomats—Secretary Kerry and others, and ambassadors around the world—you’re going to go build a coalition because I’m giving you what you need. And then, on the Ukraine question, I think, you know, everything moved very, very quickly, and it was initially—before the Ukrainian president absconded, you know, he had signed this agreement. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Q: Hi. Ambassador Power, thank you for being with us, for sharing your perspective and expertise with us, for your service to our country, and your amazing work as a journalist prior to going into government. (�� (�� (�� (�� And in terms of—I don’t see that happening. (�� If the United States stepped aside, it would be terrible financially for other countries, because in order to get the work done they need to do for the sake of their people and their interests they’d probably have to chip in more. �� � } !1AQa"q2���#B��R��$3br� (�� Institutionalizing global governance: the role of the United Nations Global Compact (�� So to take the Security Council membership, if you—that’s one of the changes that one could consider, because the membership is kind of old school. (�� But so I have this long-term lover for the U.N. That can make a difference on the ground. Author has 145 answers and 54.5K answer views. And there is a perfect example of how, when the U.N. works, how it works. (�� Tacks people on to coalitions. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� This year's topic, "The United Nations and Civil Society: The Role of NGOs" is indeed timely. United Nations. I thought that was a really weird way to describe you wanted peace. The World Trade Organization is a major player in the field of global governance. Add tags for "Global governance : defining the United Nations' leadership role : The Stanley Foundation's thirty-fourth United Nations of the Next Decade Conference : Adare Manor, Adare, County Limerick, Ireland, June 13-18, 1999.". And it’s a—and it’s, you know, a real effort to get that one resolution through. So we’re not there. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� Our belief that when you have a country that is ruled a now-minority of the population, when such brutality is used to repress initially just political protest and then eventually a rebellion. The ISIS coalition lives very much outside the U.N. That’s an example, terrorism, where, you know, if you’re doing warfighting, you know, having a NATO foundation and, again, adding countries from outside NATO, that can be the right direction. But, you know, even on South Sudan, we—where there’s way more deference to the government than I think is appropriate, given what the government’s doing to its people, but nonetheless peacekeepers on the ground. The United Nations is grappling with how it should relate with nongovernmental organizations (NGOs). (�� (�� That’s where we’re going with this. And so that mindset of, like, what’s in the toolbox and how do we help people is alive and well at the U.N. Global governance and governance ... do not necessarily reflect the views of the United Nations. (�� The system just doesn’t work if big countries like ours walk away from our responsibility to do our share, which I think is sort of the opposite of Ebola. And so for the sake of our kids, we’ve got to develop a constructive working relationship with it, and harness it to our ends. How much consideration was there at the U.N. to creating some sort of Ukrainian government? (�� But if they go further than that—and, you know, there are calls to pull out of the U.N.—you would—you would rapidly—I think the organism, such as it is, would adapt. At this time, we will open the floor for questions. (�� (�� They have a very important role—“we,” I should say, because it includes the United States—in not only norm-setting, but norm enforcement, you know, in really deciding, OK, you know, massive sexual violence has been carried out in South Sudan; what are we going to do about it? Thank you for your time and your insight. (�� That’s a world where R2P is really sort of actionable for countries—for all the countries of the Security Council, and not just the Western countries. For thirty years we have convened this conference series to address a wide variety of issues related to the United Nations and global governance. I think, you know, there’s too much bloat in the U.N. And we slashed that some from different parts of the U.N. over the length of the Obama administration, stabilized a budget that has been ballooning previously. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� I think we have in the current secretary-general, Antonio Guterres, a very unusual leader, somebody who’s been head of state but also run UNHCR, the refugee agency, for a decade at the time of the largest displacement crisis since the Second World War. (�� Like, the polling for the U.N. now is actually better than it’s been in quite a long time. (�� You know, the decision to situate the U.N. within the United States is a major strategic advantage for the United States, right? And going back in time is something we very much tried to do, and tried to encourage a return to the agreement that had been signed. And it’s the principal organ that we need to deal with threats to peace and security. (�� But the way the U.N. will change will be when the countries that comprise it pursue policies within the international system that are more enlightened and look more to the medium and long term than to scoring political points on a Twitter feed. (�� President Obama, as I mentioned earlier, went to President Xi on climate before going to any other country. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� So that’s the U.N. as an actor, where that dependency exists. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� But no one with a straight face can argue that what happens inside a country is not the outside world’s business. I see that while the U.N. has been an easy punching bag for, frankly, a lot of people for a very long time. (�� (�� (�� That, you know, is going to do damage to public support for the U.N. because hearing from your president and from others over and over again that this is an institution that’s not looking out for your interests, that’s a threat to your sovereignty, that’s going to take your guns away or your land—I mean, that just erodes—that’s going to erode public trust. stream
But I also have this memory of what happened to the League of Nations. But what I’m getting at is that while I view the U.N. like warring couples, it—to keep a marriage together it takes a commitment—a deep, abiding commitment to get through thick and thin. (�� (�� People can’t be left terrorized, even if far too many people are still being terrorized. (�� (�� (�� So I think the way that R2P gets talked about, appropriately, is about all of the other thing, short of military force, that need to be done in the face of mass atrocities. (�� T.E. It’s probably the biggest contrast between two presidents who’ve succeed one—far greater contrast than between President Clinton and President George W. Bush, I think it’s fair to say. (�� emergence of governance, global governance and good governance, as well as the United Nation's role in the conceptual process. The United Nations University's 20th anniversary symposium on the United Nations System in the 21st Century provided a forum to set the direction of the UNU's research activities within the framework of the newly launched five-year project. (�� (�� The permanent members of the Security Council, of course, are atop that list because they are able to decide what is legal under international law as it relates to the use of force. But they would be the ones stuck carrying the load. (�� (�� (�� (�� Thank you. (�� (�� (�� (�� Because I think the critics of the U.N. have actually been quite effective with the bumper stickers over the years. And Germany, of course, carrying a very large share of the—of the refugee population that tried to move into Europe. OPERATOR: Our next question comes from Washington University. But fundamentally, you know, the circumstances haven’t caused the parties to, you know, want to pursue that agreement. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� ���� JFIF ` ` �� C
(�� (�� But, like, my feeling was European defense budgets are shrinking and they need to fight in the ISIS coalition, help us in terms of Eastern European defense or, you know, get into U.N. peacekeeping. (�� POWER: Thank you for your kind words. (�� So I don’t—I don’t see that coming anytime soon, but I also didn’t see Donald Trump coming. (�� And a number of even Democratic senators and congressmen calling for travel bans to prevent health workers from returning from West Africa, from treating Ebola patients. Seminar presentations (8 August 2011) "The United Nations (UN) must make changes in order to respond to a world which is no longer organized into countries, but rather is structured on global networks", stated ECLAC Executive Secretary, Alicia Bárcena today at the opening of the regional seminar on "The United Nations in global governance", which ends on Tuesday. (�� And so if you’re looking to expand what we might call a P2—you know, a partnership of two countries—to a P10, it’s a very efficient place to go to try to peel those countries apart, especially if you want to do something that’s cross-regional. Had I brought that to the 15, you know, just as me, as the United States, he would have felt pressured in that setting—and probably by his own government, his own president—to just say the opposite of whatever the United States is saying. (�� And second, when should the U.S. bring issues to the U.N., and when is it best for the U.S. to work outside of the U.N.? Academic and Higher Education Webinars and Conference Calls. (�� (�� You know, we, the United States, are able to put in place sanctions against a number of leaders who were stealing from their people and perpetrating mass atrocities. Thank you very much for that tour de force. (�� And the truth is, you don’t even get out the gate because the countries that China would wish to see on the Security Council and the countries that they would impede standing membership on the Security Council sort of ends the conversation almost at minute one. (�� You’d like to see a kind of well-oiled machine. (�� The performances of individual organs of the UN, and its programs and initiatives discussed above have certain implications on the current pattern of global governance.The current level of effectiveness of the UN in global governance is best analysed through three individual spectrums: its role in maintaining international security, encouraging and facilitating global economic and social cooperation, and contributing to a greater level of environmental sustainability. (�� (�� (�� The United Nations General Assembly has adopted its latest resolution on the interaction between the United Nations, parliaments and the IPU. It wasn’t as well-coordinated as anybody would want. (�� FASKIANOS: I think we have time for one last question. (�� (�� But I think people know how entangled we are with the rest of the world. (�� But I worked so hard with the Russian ambassador to try, at least, to deal with the chemical weapons issue. But the way to get other countries to pull their weight and make the U.N. work, and make international law the taming force, is not to walk away from international law and not to ridicule countries—the countries that comprise the U.N. and cut funding to the institution itself. Encouraging the staff of Republican members of Congress and others, or even mayors, you know, to travel abroad and to see concretely what the—what the U.N. agencies are doing, or concretely what a foreign conflict and crisis looks like. And you don’t always put in place, in my view, the means that are more likely to change behavior on the ground. (�� But you know, fundamentally there is a choice, right? (�� And then working hard at a grassroots level to put into office people who share a belief that flawed and, you know, massively frustrating though the U.N. can be, you know, it’s the principal organ to deal with—it’s the only organ, really, that represents every country to deal with transnational threats of a global scale. (�� (�� Sign up for a morning roundup of news and analysis from around the world. And so I think we were of the view—certainly, I was of the view in New York—I can’t speak for, like, the people in my government who speak Ukrainian and are, you know, Ukraine hands who were tracking this at a level of detail that I wasn’t in New York—but our view in New York was that the parties on the ground had forged their own compromise. (�� (�� (�� So extremely disruptive and deeply embarrassing for a country that had, until recently, led on human rights. (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� (�� And indeed, I really worry that some of the actual action that has come out of the U.N., which has been the product of U.S. leadership across Republican and Democratic administrations, that those actions will be harder and harder for the executive branch, as it were, the Security Council, and other parts of the U.N., to effectuate. (�� (�� (�� (�� It was established on 24 October 1945. (�� So structural change is really hard. Like, all of those are the right issues to be pushing, and many, many more along those lines. When that kind of brutality is used, the ability to put Humpty-Dumpty back together again and for that leader to ever stabilize the country and the situation a real way, and ever really deal with the recruitment appeal of his tactics for very bad actors like ISIS—evil actors like ISIS—we just believe that in the long run that approach is not going to work. 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