Climate change presents significant challenges for society. One of the most pressing environmental concerns in Bulgaria is land degradation. Only precipitation in February and March as well as December is expected to increase during the 21st century (2). Help us improve this site Help / Feedback. There is an increased interest in nonfinancial reporting on the part of investment professionals, with environmental, social and governance (ESG) disclosures contributing more to decision-making. The highest readings are usually taken in the towns of Rousse and Silistra, sometimes reaching above 35°C (2). Climate change is a global challenge that requires a global response. There is a climate transition from moderate continental in the north to continental Mediterranean in the south. (2013). (2012), Nastos and Zerefos 2009, in: Lelieveld et al. Help us improve this site Help / Feedback. Bulgaria and North Macedonia restarted market coupling in September. Sunday, March 29, 2020, 3:00:00 am clocks were turned forward 1 hour to. Climate and Average Weather in Bulgaria. During the last decade however, precipitation totals have increased. Climate in Bulgaria became drier at the end of the 20th century. Daytime maximum temperatures appear to increase most rapidly in the northern part of the region, i.e. Climate threats for Bulgaria are imminent with an expected average temperature rise of up to 4oC by 2100. Compared to last year’s CCPI, Bulgaria falls nine ranks to rank 49 and, now ranging in the group of very low performers. It is bordering Romania to the north, Serbia and North Macedonia to the west, Greece and Turkey to the south, and the Black Sea to the east. Climate Change The Minister of Environment and Water has authority for the overall implementation of the government policy on climate change mitigation (Article 3 Climate Change Mitigation Act) Articles 4, 5 and 6 set out the specific tasks of the Minister and Council of Ministers. The Balkan Mountains drive differences between the Northern, continental climate and the southern, Mediterranean climate. According to the review, Bulgaria now has the necessary policies, legislation and institutional tools to comply with its obligations under the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) and also to implement an up-to-date land policy and sustainable land management (SLM).News: The UNDP Bulgaria Review of activities (2007-2008) is released, For more information, visit the UNDP's Country Office homepage - Bulgaria, There is also an adaptation project working to build national and local adaptation capacity to extreme water events in Bulgaria. Tsarigragdsko chausaee 66, Sofia 1784, Bulgaria INTRODUCTION Climate is traditionally one of the main fields or research interest and objects for study in Bulgaria so many investigations on its genesis and specific … EU gets down to details in search for deal on new climate target. The climate is continental in the north and close to Mediterranean in the South. 2007 was the warmest year recorded during the period of measurements in Bulgaria: temperature was 1.6⁰C above the average over the period 1961-1990. The frequency of ‘‘tropical’’ nights (mean night time minimum temperature > 25°C) also increases strongly, by nearly a month per year in the Balkans and coastal areas, and more than two months in the Gulf region, exacerbating the daytime heat stress. © United Nations Development Programme 2020, News: The UNDP Bulgaria Review of activities (2007-2008) is released, UNDP's Country Office homepage - Bulgaria, UNDP Human Development Indicators: Bulgaria, UNDP Regional Centre: Europe and the Commonwealth of Independent States, Integrating Global Environmental Issues into Bulgaria’s Regional Development Process, Integrating Global Environmental Issues into Bulgaria’s Regional Development Process - Project Document (2006), Climate Information and Early Warning Systems. The monthly mean temperature varies from -10.9 to 3.2 C in January and from 5.0 to 25.0 C in July. Further analysis is required to understand the reasons for the varied response of snow cover to a changing climate (3). Bulgaria includes 31% lowlands (0–200 m), 41% hills (200–600 m), 25% highlands (600–1,600 m), and 3% mountains (>1,600 m) (2). The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Abundant snowfalls may occur throughout the country from December to mid-March, especially if you are in the mountainous areas of Bulgaria… The total Bulgarian coastline measures 125 km and is located along the … The indigenous peoples of Russia's Far North are sounding the alarm as climate change encroaches on their traditional lifestyle. Significant summer warming is expected in the western Balkan countries. Enhancing the vitality and competitiveness of the forest sector 4. While its role is not to set climate policy or prescribe particular responses or solutions to climate change, its purview does include providing the robust scientific data needed to understand climate change and evaluating the impact of efforts to combat it. In a year, the rainfall is 598 mm | 23.5 inch. Sunday, March 29, 2020, 4:00:00 am local daylight time instead. The main factor distinguishing the first three zones is the latitude, the terrain for the mountainous and the Black Sea for the maritime. Projections of air temperatures at three mountain stations (from several regional climate models based on the SRES A1B scenario) for 2065–2094 show a rise of 2.8 to 3.2 °C compared to the period 2001–2011. ... to low-emission electricity generation imposed by the new European policy and the leadership taken in the fight against climate change, the statement reads. For night-time minimum temperature, large positive trends exceeding 0.40°C/decade are derived for Belgrade, Riyadh, Baghdad, Athens, Sofia and Ankara (7,11). Heavy rains caused severe floods damaging various socioeconomic sectors (2). The barrier effect of the Balkan Mountains is felt throughout the country: on the average, northern Bulgaria is about one degree cooler and receives about 192 more millimetres of rain than southern Bulgaria (2). The strikes' key dates were 20 September, which was three days before the United Nations Climate … Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. Zoe Tidman. Here you can query, map, compare, chart and summarize key climate-related information. For the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East an analysis was carried out of long-term meteorological datasets (period 1901-2006) along with regional climate model projections for the 21st century (SRES scenario A1B) (7). There was more light in the evening. To deliver on this commitment, the EU has set binding climate … The territory covers 110,912 km2. Climate change is seen by respondents as having the biggest impact on real estate over the next 30 years, but it is clear that some industry leaders are already rising to the challenge. LUKOIL overview. This increase is mainly due to the summer months (13). BULGARIA. VULNERABILITY OF BULGARIA’S COASTAL ZONES TO CLIMATE CHANGE Bulgaria is located in south-eastern Europe and is together with Romania the only EU member state bordering the Black Sea. There is a climate transition from moderate continental in the north to continental Mediterranean in … Summary of the Commission assessment of the draft National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030. The draft for the National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy and … The barrier effect of the Balkan Mountains has some influence on the climate throughout the country: northern Bulgaria experiences lower temperatures and receives more rain than the southern lowlands. Decreasing trends in annual and seasonal precipitation have been observed in the central and southern areas of Italy, for instance, especially during the second half of the 20th century (5). For those who can stand the heat, summer can also be good, … As an example, the hottest summer on record in Athens in 2007 would be among the 5% coolest ones by the end of the century (7,11). Boris Johnson is set to announce an ambitious climate change target for the UK in the hopes it will prompt other nations to follow suit. Climate change is expected to cost Austrian tourism 300 million euros a year, according to one of the country’s leading environmental protection organizations. This is especially due to the very low rating that Bulgaria received from national experts in the Climate Policy category. ... to low-emission electricity generation imposed by the new European policy and the leadership taken in the fight against climate change, the statement reads. The same analysis was performed for daytime maximum and night-time minimum temperature; for daytime maximum temperature the largest upward trends are calculated for Belgrade, Sofia, Tirana and Ankara with 0.48°, 0.46°, 0.45° and 0.44°C per decade, respectively. 2 Min Read. The EU has committed itself to a clean energy transition, which will contribute to fulfilling the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change and provide clean energy to all. The largest increases appear in some continental locations such as Belgrade, Sofia, Ankara, Baghdad and Riyadh with trends in excess of 0.4°C/decade. According to regional climate model results based on the IPCC SRES scenarios A1B, A2 and B2, the number of heat wave days, here defined as days with maximum temperatures exceeding the local 90th percentile of the reference period (1961–1990), typically increases by a factor of 4–10 by the middle and 7–15 by the end of the century, with the strongest increases in the Middle East (11). Also, precipitation patterns will change. Sunrise and sunset were about 1 hour later on Mar 29, 2020 than the day before. In fact, since 1997 all annual temperature anomalies are positive. Also called Spring Forward, Summer Time, and Daylight Savings Time. Climate Change The Minister of Environment and Water has authority for the overall implementation of the government policy on climate change mitigation (Article 3 Climate Change Mitigation Act) Articles 4, 5 and 6 set out the specific tasks of the Minister and Council of Ministers. The GlobalGiving community is home to organizations fighting climate change at all levels. Having a continental climate, Bulgaria can be visited in spring and autumn, in particular, from mid-May to mid-June, a period when some afternoon thunderstorms must be put into account, and from mid-September to mid-October, a period a bit cooler but also drier. As a result of precipitation decrease, and also due to population growth rates, the per capita available internal water resources may decline strongly, for example by 50% or more by mid-century in Cyprus (12). In Veliko Tarnovo, the average annual temperature is 11.0 °C | 51.8 °F. [necesită citare] LUKOIL is one of the largest oil & gas vertical integrated companies in the world accounting for over 2% of crude production and circa 1% of proved hydrocarbon reserves globally. When local standard time was about to reach Sunday, March 29, 2020, 3:00:00 am clocks were turned forward 1 hour to Sunday, March 29, 2020, 4:00:00 am local daylight time instead. The mountain climate has been characterized by widespread warming and decreased winter precipitation over this period. Bulgaria has a temperate climate, with cold winters and hot summers. 1. The number of summer days is projected to increase up to 90 days in the period 2021-2050. Maximum day time temperature increases more strongly than mean night time minimum temperature (11). The GlobalGiving community is home to organizations fighting climate change at all levels. Explore historical and projected climate data, climate data by sector, impacts, key vulnerabilities and what adaptation measures are being taken. Extremely high summer temperatures are projected to become the norm by 2070–2099; the coolest summers at the end-of-century may be warmer than the hottest ones in the recent past. Almost half of survey respondents say climate change has become a greater risk within their portfolio, and 73 percent expect that risk to become … Women and men are experiencing climate change differently, as gender inequalities persist around the world, affecting the ability of individuals and communities to adapt. The Republic of Bulgaria is located in the north-eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula. The main causes of land degradation are: farming, where arable land is severely exploited; intensive livestock breeding, with the widespread practice of dumping land- and water-polluting livestock wastes; and forestry, with forest exploitation including a booming timber-exporting industry. The annual amount of precipitation is between 500 and 650 mm, with precipitation ranging from 440 to 1020 mm. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. Climate Change Knowledge Portal. Bulgaria has five climatic zones - Moderate Continental, Intermediate, Continental-Mediterranean, Maritime and Mountainous. The climate is continental in the north and close to Mediterranean in the South. However, there was no evidence of similar large-scale reductions in snow depth or snow cover duration: some sites showed significant decreases in snow cover, some no change, while others showed significant increases. The EU is determined to help raise global ambition and is leading by example. (2010), in: Coumou and Rahmstorf (2012), Chenoweth et al. Bulgaria is one of the heaviest offenders in the European Union in terms of exceeding both annual and daily limits on particulate matter, the Commission said. In Bulgaria land degradation is widespread and is mostly manifested through water, wind and irrigation erosion, and through soil acidification and salinisation. Bulgaria is a country situated in Southeast Europe and occupies the eastern quarter of the Balkan peninsula, being the largest country within its geographic boundaries. To deliver on this commitment, the EU Winters along the Danube River are bitterly cold, while sheltered valleys opening to the south along the Greek and Turkish borders may be as mild as areas along the Mediterranean or Aegean coasts (2). Maintaining healthy, productive and multifunctional forest ecosystems that contribute to mitigating climate change 2. The September 2019 climate strikes, also known as the Global Week for Future, were a series of international strikes and protests to demand action be taken to address climate change, which took place from 20–27 September. CLIMATE CHANGE RESEARCH IN BULGARIA Antoaneta I otova, Ekaterina Koleva - National Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences Blvd. For more information: Waterwiki.net. The territory covers 110,912 km2. Bulgaria has a temperate-continental climate with moderate features which is characteristic for Central Europe, with hot summers, long, cold winters and very distinct seasons. Annual precipitation varied considerably from year to year in the 20th century (6). Bulgaria's multilateral assessment The aim of the session is to assess Bulgaria's progress in implementation towards the achievement of emission reductions and removals related to its quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets for 2020. UN Climate Change News, 25 November 2019 - The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, which is a mainstay of the UN calendar, has assumed a new dimension with the challenges presented by climate change. The years 1994, 2000, 2002 and 2009 were among the warmest years on record in Bulgaria (2). A1B scenario results suggest that by the end of the century, the frequency of very hot days (maximum day time temperature >35°C) may increase up to 1–2 weeks per year in mountainous parts of the northern EMME and by about a month in much of the rest of the region. The northern border with Romania follows the river Danube until the city of Silistra. Mar 29, 2020 - Daylight Saving Time Started. BULGARIA Summary of the Commission assessment of the draft National Energy and Climate Plan 2021-2030 The EU has committed itself to a clean energy transition, which will contribute to fulfilling the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change and provide clean energy to all. ; Recognising the important contributions of women as decision makers, stakeholders, educators, carers and experts across sectors and at all levels can lead to successful, long-term solutions to climate change. The Climate Change Knowledge Portal is a hub of information, data and reports about climate change around the world. (2010), in: Lelieveld et al. Bulgaria and North Macedonia restarted market coupling in September. Clima Bulgariei este supusă vara influenței maselor de aer subtropical, iar iarna maselor de aer continental. According to a conservative estimate, 50-60% of the country’s land base is affected by some form of land degradation. VULNERABILITY OF BULGARIA’S COASTAL ZONES TO CLIMATE CHANGE Bulgaria is located in south-eastern Europe and is together with Romania the only EU member state bordering the Black Sea. Koleva and Iotova (1992), in:Petkova (2004), Brunetti et al. The land area of Bulgaria is 110,994 … From the analysis of long-term meteorological datasets (period 1901-2006) along with regional climate model projections for the 21st century (SRES scenario A1B) a decline of annual precipitation is projected of 5–25% in 2040–2069 and 5–30% in 2070–2099 relative to the reference period 1961–1990 (7). The barrier effect of the Balkan Mountains has some influence on the climate throughout the country: northern Bulgaria experiences lower temperatures and … UN Climate Change News, 25 November 2019 - The International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, which is a mainstay of the UN calendar, has assumed a new dimension with the challenges presented by climate change. In order to address the potential impacts of climate change in Bulgaria, including social vulnerability, the Government of Bulgaria has committed to producing a "National Climate Change Adaptation Strategy … The percentage of summer days is projected to rise from 18-20% nowadays to more than 40% in most flat locations in southern Bulgaria. Its main objectives are the conservation and restoration of biodiversity and ensuring sustainable development in the Danube-Carpathian region, called also the Green Heart of Europe. Current and future daytime mean temperature trends in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East typically vary from 0.28° to 0.46°C per decade. With the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on … Climate change presents significant challenges for society. The September 2019 climate strikes, also known as the Global Week for Future, were a series of international strikes and protests to demand action be taken to address climate change, which took place from 20–27 September.The strikes' key dates were 20 September, which was three days before the United Nations Climate Summit, and 27 September. By the end of the century in most cities, the coolest summers may be warmer than the hottest ones today (11). Climate Change Knowledge Portal. Climate change is expected to cost Austrian tourism 300 million euros a year, according to one of the country’s leading environmental protection organizations. Fiind situată în zona temperată, temperaturile medii variază între - 2°C (în nordul țării) și 2°C (în sud, în Câmpia Traciei) în ianuarie, în timp ce vara oscilează între 22°C (în nord) și 24°C (în sud). The relatively strong upward trend in the northern parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East indicates a continuation of the increasing intensity and duration of heat waves observed in this region since 1960 (8). The climate is warm and temperate in Veliko Tarnovo. Bulgaria has a temperate-continental climate with moderate features which is characteristic for Central Europe, with hot summers, long, cold winters and very distinct seasons. The latest draft of the climate deal, seen by Reuters, would commit the EU to cut emissions by “at least 55%” by 2030, from 1990 levels. With the UN Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report on Global Warming of 1.5ºC predicting an increase in natural disasters and the subsequent … The intensity of precipitation (maximum amount of rain per day) is expected to decrease except over the northern Balkans and the Caucasus (7). Bulgaria is characterized by two climatic regions: a continental climate in the North and a Mediterranean climate in the south. Climate change: What different countries are doing around the globe to tackle the crisis. Bulgaria is implementing the requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Kyoto Protocol to decrease GHG emissions by 8% for the period 2008-2012, compared to 1988. (2000), in:Petkova (2004), Kuglitsch et al. Climate change: What different countries are doing around the globe to tackle the crisis. WWF has been working in Bulgaria since the 1990s and registered its office in 2006. (2011), in: Lelieveld et al. Each Earth Day, we invite YOU to join climate leaders across the globe in deciding which nonprofits will earn year-long funding through the Climate Action Fund. One of the aims of the Energy Act is to create conditions for the 'promotion of the combined generation of electricity and heat' (art. Bulgaria. Generally, there is no significant overall trend of mean annual air temperature in Bulgaria for the 20th century (6). Bulgaria Jump to. Sunrise and sunset were about 1 … Climate change projections indicate that air temperatures in 2080 during this time of the year increase between 5 and 8°C with respect to 1961-1990 over most of the countries in the peninsula. This location is classified as Cfb by Köppen and Geiger. by 5–15 days at mid-century and by 10–20 days per year at the end-of-century (7). The continental influence, stronger during the winter, produces abundant snowfall; the Mediterranean influence increases during the summer and produces hot, dry weather. The country is split into northern and southern Bulgaria by the Balkan Mountains. For three mountain stations, projections of annual precipitation amounts for 2065–2094 show a decrease of about 7 to 17 % compared to the period 2001–2011 (from several regional climate models based on the SRES A1B scenario) (13). 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