Research candidates seeking to undertake a PhD, Masters by Research or Master of Philosophy can look for potential research topics through the following resources: Student Thesis Titles Research candidates seeking to undertake a PhD, Masters by Research or Master of Philosophy can look for potential research topics through the following resources: Student Thesis Titles Library staff are still ready to assist you with your information needs. Various means used to gradually reduce smoking of tobacco, which were instituted by now in most countries of the world, provide a good example on how education combined with regulations can be employed to change the behavior, with broad support of citizens. It is one of the traditional public health measures documented as far back as the fourteenth century when during the Black Death epidemic in Europe, ships were required to sit in harbors for 40 days, before passengers and crew could disembark. Placing a person in quarantine is a serious step, because it is done not for the benefit of that person but for the benefit of others. Public health is distinct from personal health care, because the former is mostly using group or community oriented strategies and is typically delivered by dedicated organizations under governmental control. Category: Health Research Paper Examples. Practitioners in this field have always been aware that their activities have ethical or moral dimensions, but this was not often articulated. There are seven broad areas of research that comprise the work of faculty. Sen, A. Early in the new century, articles and books emerged that endeavored to offer ethics frameworks or processes for ethical assessments that would designed to facilitate effective public health interventions able to reduce current mortality and morbidity while at the same time maintain individual freedoms and advance social justice. Also check our tips on how to write a research paper, see the lists of research paper topics, and browse research paper examples. An approach to the infection later called AIDS “exceptionalism” was taken in most countries of the world. Ethical concerns also addressed the acceptability of departing from accepted standards in testing new drugs and vaccines, given the urgency of the situation. Epidemiology and biostatistics provide important methodologies for public health, and each has its own range of ethical issues. At least one out of four children does not receive vaccination because of cost, shortage of staff, and lack of infrastructure, refrigeration, and transportation or due to war conflicts. The personalist approach is based on our shared human nature and our common requirements for human flourishing. (2011). An ethical evaluation of the 2006 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommendations for HIV testing in health care setting. Statistics has played a critical role of in public health research and practice, and you’ll start by looking at two examples: one from eighteenth century London and the other by the United Nations. PDF. It is to be noted, however, that the chief argument in this prevention strategy was to protect people from the effect of secondhand smoke, rather than protect smokers from self-inflicted harm. Other public health measures that aim for distancing of people to minimize transmissions are travel restrictions, school closures and cancelation of public gatherings, national border control measures, and travel advisories. For example, improving drinking water quality will offer some benefits to everyone. From the end of the twentieth century to the present time, the interest in this domain much increased, and the young discipline of bioethics has broadened its agenda, striving to develop a subdiscipline of public health ethics. Such behavior is morally problematic because it offends the principle of fairness. In wealthier countries, such vaccination is widely available against about 6–12 diseases, usually paid from public funds, and is sometimes mandatory. Each of those measures also should be ethically justified and carried out in a responsible fashion to minimize the adverse impact on affected population. To this list, the authors added four other considerations: protecting privacy and confidentiality, keeping promises and commitments, disclosing information honestly, and building and maintaining trust. The program provides tools for state and local public health systems and public health governing bodies to assess capacity and performance. Methods for systematic reviews are well developed for trials, but not for non-experimental or qualitative research. Can mandatory vaccination of health care professionals in influenza pandemic ever be justified? 1 and 2). See our online services, training, and resources, or ask us a question. Examples of quantitative data include: age, weight, temperature, or the number of people suffering from diabetes. Conducted research to understand retention and recruitment needs of the public health workforce. Other frequently debated concerns were the duty of health professionals to serve and to accept vaccination (Kotalik 2006), and the responsibility of society to provide for their effective protection. Ethics and epidemics. Existing data collected for another purposes, that you use to answer your research question (Romano). At the same time, public health ethics is striving for global collaboration and coordination and recognition of interdependence of communities and the value of solidarity. Examples of qualitative data include: male/female, smoker/non-smoker, or questionnaire response (agree, disagree, neutral). Community and advocacy groups may be linked with prominent experts, who strive to maintain their research agenda and have ties to industry, and advocacy groups often accept funding from commercial or political entities interested in a particular outcome of research. Vaccination is considered one of the most effective public health interventions and has led to eradication of smallpox, near eradication of poliomyelitis, and great reduction of morbidity and mortality from diseases such as measles, rubella, and pertussis. This sample Public Health Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only. For example, research on indigenous populations in remote settings or a cultural minority group in the city may expose them to exploitation by commercial interest, to a ridicule of the public, or to unfavorable treatment by the political system. Balint, J., Philpott, S., Baker, R., & Strossberg, M. (2007). See our collection of health research paper examples. [cited 2015 May 25] Available from: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6939/7/12. Involves observing people in selected places and listening to discover how they feel and why they might feel that way (Wang, 2013). Like any method of research, the qualitative analysis also has its own set of ups and downs. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Public health practitioners have always been aware of the ethical dimension of their field, but public health ethics as a subdiscipline of bioethics has emerged only at the end of the last century, and it is still a young and unsettled field. Global Public Health We conduct research, teaching and applied work based on global and public health science and epidemiology. These national pandemic plans were diverse but commonly identified roles of various levels of governments, nongovernmental organizations, and business sector, often representing the most extensive and far-reaching public health programs ever developed in history of those countries. European scholars suggested such alternative values as solidarity, subsidiarity, and precautionary principle. According to an updated Cochrane Collaboration evidence review of 2014, there is no good evidence that oseltamivir, considered in planning to be the most useful antiviral drug, actually reduces admissions to hospital or complications of influenza, yet it produces significant side effects. An advantage of using this method is that it gives researchers detailed knowledge of the attitudes, behaviors, and interactions. Public health ethics. Study design and data collection already completed (Koziol & Arthur, nd). Supported by RWJF and the Kresge Foundation, the team also hosts the 3,000-member Public Health Systems Research (PHSR) interest group and leads initiatives aimed at exploring and enhancing the U.S. public health system by formulating, translating, and applying evidence to public health … It takes less time to collect secondary data (Romano). However, the outbreak of 2013 continued unabated, and by January 2015 there have been 22,000 cases and almost 9,000 deaths, more than 500 among healthcare workers. [cited 2015 May 25] Available from: http://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0042-96862008000800016&lng=en. Selgelid, M. J., Battin, M. P., & Smith, C. B. While eugenic programs of the past were implemented, often forcefully, by state governments, this time the similar outcome may be resulting from successful marketing of certain medical technology. View Public Health Research Papers on Academia.edu for free. A program focusing on the needs of homeless populations will possibly diminish health disparity. Assessment of Public Health Risks Associated with Petrochemical Emissions Surrounding an Oil Refinery, Erin L. Pulster. Pratiksha Vaghela to improving the health and health Services Management “ exceptionalism ” was taken most. 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