(With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments. Histoplasma capsulatum can cause histoplasmosis in humans, dogs and cats. The scrapings are placed directly onto a microscope slide and are covered with 10% or 20% potassium hydroxide. 10. They are generally four in number per basidium but may be two or many (e.g., Ustigo nuda tritici). Structures 6. General Knowledge on Cell Membrane | Cell Biology CONCEPTS & THEORIES of Cell Wall QUESTIONS Cell Wall Multiple Choice Questions(MCQs) and Answers 1 Plant cell wall is made up of (a) Cellulose, hemicelluloses and pectin (b) Cellulose only (c) Cellulose, hemicelluloses and chitin (d) Cellulose and chitin Answer: Cellulose, hemicelluloses and pectin 2 Middle lamellaâ¦ Reproduce by sexual and asexual spores, 18. The majority of Cryptococcus species lives in the soil and do not cause disease in humans. They do not contain chlorophyll and cannot synthesize macromolecules from carbon dioxide and energy derived from light rays. There are four types of sexual spores in fungi. Sporangiospores are of two types, zoospores and aplanospores: Zoospores (Fig. Dermatophytes are easily recognized under the microscope by their long branch-like tubular structures called hyphae. This is usually the case in patients with AIDS or with diabetes. Under the microscope Tinea versicolor is recognized by curved hyphae and round yeast forms that give it a spaghetti-and-meatball appearance. Specimens should be collected in sterile containers or with sterile swabs and transported immediately to the laboratory. 1. 12. Origin of Fungi: Ireland of the 1840s was an economically depressed country of eight million people. The preparation should be brownish, not black. A normal, or negative, KOH test shows no fungi (no dermatophytes or yeast). (a) Ergot alkaloids – these are produced by Claviceps purpurea and cause an alpha adrenergic blockade, (b) Psychotropic agents – these include psilocybin, psilocin and lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). 3. Conidia show variability in both their form and development. 2. Antibiotic penicillin comes from Penicillium mold, 19. The slide is gently heated to speed up the action of the KOH. Despite relief efforts by the English, over two million Irish suffered death from starvation. To enhance clearing dimethyl sulfoxide can be added to the slide. Many Americans are descended from those starving, demoralized farmers. 7. Symbiotic association between a sac fungus and a photosynthetic green algae or cyanobacteria. Metabolism 4. Kingdom Fungi MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions and Answers) A) Cellulose B) Chitin C) Pectin D) Hemicellulose Answer : B A) Parasitic B) Saprophytic C) Symbiotic D) Autotrophic Answer : B A) Unbranched, aseptate and uninucleate B) Branched, septate and uninucleate C) Unbranched, aseptate and multinucleate D) Unbranched, septate and coenocytic Answer : C A) Metulae B) Sterigmata C) â¦ Fungicide – chemicals used to kill fungi. Newer Post Older Post Home. 1. Question 43 : Which of the following diseases is caused by a fungus, Question 44 : The feeding structure of the fungus is the, Question 48 : Loose smut of wheat is caused by, Question 49 : Mycorrhiza, a relationship in between fungi and roots of higher plants, is, Question 50 : Zygospore of Mucor/Rhizopus germinates to form. 5. Fruiting bodies are modified hyphae that make asexual spores. Which organelle is known as “power house” of the cell? 5. Classification of Fungi: Fungi are classified by their reproductive structures. To make the fungi easier to see lactophenol cotton blue stain can be added. Characteristics 5. Spore Forms 10. 1. 2. 4.8A, B, C) differ from aplanospores because they are not enclosed by a separate sporangial wall. Cryptococcus laurentii and Cryptococcus albidus have been known to occasionally cause moderate-to-severe disease in human patients with compromised immunity. Fungi reproduce sexually when environmental conditions are unfavorable. 4. Such exposure is a normal part of the human condition and generally poses no adverse health effects. They are usually developed at the apex of hyphae. Reproduction in Fungi: Asexual, Sexual & Parasexual Reproduction | Biology, How to Cultivate Medicinal Plants? 4. Questions and Answers # 2. The synthesis of chitin, a polymer of N-acetyl glucosamine, and other compounds, for use in forming the cell wall. Genetic complexity allows morphologic complexity and thus these organisms have complex structural features that are used in speciation. There had been scab, drought, “curl,” and too much rain, but nothing was quite so destructive as this new disease. Some are internal or external parasites; a few are predators that capture prey, 13. Aspergillus fumigatus and Aspergillus clavatus can cause allergic disease. TOS4. What is a mushroom shaped gland? Grocott’s Methenamine Silver (GMS) stain. c) Glycerine. This set of Microbiology Multiple Choice Questions & Answers (MCQs) focuses on âClassification of Fungiâ. The basidiospores are developed on (i.e., exogenously) basidia. 1. b)Cotton blue. Match the different types of spores listed under column I with the names of the organisms given under column II. In blastic type, marked enlargement of conidium initial takes place before it is delimited by the septum. In England, the potato disease had few repercussions because English agriculture included various grains, but in Ireland famine spread quickly. Share Your PDF File Structures of Fungi. 8. The fungal culture test that is performed in this condition will usually turn up the Candida fungus as the causative organism, though the list is quite endless. Stipe may have a skirt like ring below cap called the annulus. Important decomposers and recyclers of nutrients in the environment, 9. Share Your Word File They can develop from a cell of an undifferentiated hypha or conidiophore at o ;e or more points through budding, either apically or laterally. They are generally 8 in an ascus, but may be 4 (Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Saccharomycodes ludwigii) or numerous. Two mating types – plus (+) and minus (-). A fungus culture is usually acquired from wound exudates and swabs of areas that are within the body like the mouth and vagina. a) Acrasiomycetes b) Zygomycetes c) â¦ For skin samples, a scalpel or edge of a glass slide is used to gently scrape skin scales from the infected area. Using reduced examine the smear microscopically (100X) for the presence of encapsulated cells as indicated by clear zones surrounding the cells. 7. With the latter two categories, the immune status of the host is pivotal. Mix and store at room temperature. Classification 8. Some unicellular fungi reproduce by mitosis. These studies are aiding the development of sensitive diagnostic strategies and novel antifungal therapies. The unicellular structure with haploid spores is, Question 18 : Fungus used for the fermentation of cheese is, Question 19 : Sometimes in yeast the conjugation takes place between a parent cell and a bud.Â It is, Question 20 : Number of ascopores formed in Sacchromyces cerevisiae is, Question 21 : When a moist bread is kept exposed in air, it becomes mouldy and black because, Question 22 : In Penicillium the mycelium bears sex organs. 6. Multiple Choice Questions on Kingdom Fungi 1. Page 3 ii. When you've finished answering as many of the questions as you can, scroll down to the bottom of the page and check your answers by clicking 'Score'. Importance 9. Basdiocarp made up of stalk called the stipe and a flattened cap. Laterally biflagellate. Grow best in warm, moist environments preferring shade, 22. and help form soil. On all sides we hear of the destruction. The potato blight faded in 1848, but did not vanish. Structures of Fungi: Questions and Answers # 8. Most are saprobes – live on other dead organisms, 8. Types of fruiting bodies include basidia, sporangia, and ascus. 2. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. (PDF) MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS FUNGI AND PLANT PATHOLOGY ... ... dvds Ans: A. Sepsis is the presence of bacteria or an infection in the blood. These Fungi Objective Questions with Answers are important for the exams of Biology, Ecology, Evolution, Genetics, Genomics, Pathogenesis etc. A Nitric acid. MCQ quiz on Protists and Fungi multiple choice questions and answers on Protists and Fungi MCQ questions on Protists and Fungi objectives questions with answer test pdf for interview preparations, freshers jobs and competitive exams. And moved to cities or foreign countries important human pathogens that are best known for opportunist! Occur unless a patient is severely immune-compromised more before the fungal colonies become.! 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