To celebrate International Women in Engineering day 2019, we spoke to bioengineer Caroline Willis from County Down in Northern Ireland. She has also worked for IBM and Apple. While the employers who are making an effort are making headway, there is still a long way to go. 2017 surveys indicated 11% of the engineering workforce was female. The UK has the lowest percentage of female engineering professionals in Europe, at less than 10%, while Latvia, Bulgaria and Cyprus lead with nearly 30%. Only 26% of computer scientists are women. The engineering sector is also growing, with a 6% rise in the number of UK engineering enterprises between 2015-2016. But, it was when I did a structural engineering work placement at school, I found it wasn't social enough for me. SWE Research and Contacts. 12.37% of all engineers are women in the UK. 11/02/2019 In 2017, of almost 18 million scientists and engineers in the EU, 59% were men and 41% women. Female engineering graduates are also less likely to enter part time work than all male graduates (11%). Girls and women make up less than 18% of higher apprentices in engineering and manufacturing, and 7.4% of all engineering apprentices. According to the Skills and Demand in Industry 2017 by IET, only 15% of engineering employers make particular efforts to attract and retain women in engineering and technical roles. However, it is not just schools that have a role to play in encouraging women to enter the industry. Bioengineering allows me to use my maths and physics skill set in a way to work directly with people. She has been with the company since 2013 and has worked her way up from mobile software engineer to engineering manager. The UK has the lowest proportion of female engineers compared with the rest of the European Union at less than 10 per cent. Download 2019 Excel Resource for Chapter 7 ​ Enabling women to meet their full potential in work could add as much as $28 trillion to annual GDP in 2025. 15.1% of engineering undergraduates in the UK in 2017 are women. Women in STEM workforce, WISE Campaign, 2017,, Engineering is an important part of the UK economy; it also tends to have higher than average pay; however, there is a skills shortage. In 2015/16 women accounted for only 6.8% of Engineering apprenticeship starts and 1.9% of Construction Skills starts. In 2018–19, there were 165 higher education institutions in the UK that returned data to the Higher Education Statistics Agency (HESA). (23). Caroline tells us what made her want to become a bioengineer, how she got her first job in the industry and what challenges she has faced. For the first time ever more than one million women are working in core STEM roles across the UK. There’s simply not as many men in Latvia and the percentage of women in tech reflects the country’s high percentage of women in the workforce which stands at 50.25%, beating the United Kingdom’s 46.69%. However, it is important to remember that with small organisations, only having a couple of female staff members will represent a high proportion of employees. This will highlight any issues with each joint, when walking, that we may want to influence further. Engineering UK has a fantastic Interactive Dashboard which allows you to interrogate their data. Charity number: 1008913. So, we’ve decided to take a look at 10 facts about women in UK engineering jobs*: 11% of the UK engineering workforce is female. It’s a really varied job and does involve a good level of problem-solving skills, but more importantly, great people skills and empathy. CEng, IEng, EngTech) are women. Only 27.1% of girls’ A level entries in 2017 were in STEM subjects, compared with 45.6% of boys’ entries. I loved maths and physics at school, and I studied both at A-levels including chemistry and geography. The biggest challenge I’ve faced is coming back to work after having my first child in 2018. This year, International Women in Engineering Day falls on the 23 June. Engineering. One of the biggest issues with trying to increase the number of women in engineering is getting girls to study STEM subjects at school. The Engineering Profession - A Statistical Overview. 61% of engineering employers say a recruitment of engineering and technical staff with right skills is a barrier to business. Engineering is highly regarded by STEM secondary school teachers and parents, More young people would consider a career in engineering, Boys have more positive views of engineering than girls even in primary school, Salary ranks as an important factor in young people’s career choices, over and above 'enjoyment', 'job security' and 'something that challenges me', Young people who attend STEM outreach events are more likely to know what engineers do – but only a quarter of those surveyed had been to such an event, The following is information in a previous. There really is a long way to go before gender equality really happens. Modern day engineers not only build spectacular structures, but they design computers, create software that changes our lives, enhance people's day-to-day living with bioengineering and create products or machines that drive efficiency. She studied prosthetics and orthotics at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, the UK’s national centre for prosthetics and orthotics. The country began the industrial revolution with the invention of the steam engine; it has also produced some of the most notable engineers in the world, including Thomas Telford, Isambard Kingdom Brunel, James Dyson and Henry Royce (one half of Rolls Royce). Using this, our onsite technicians will manufacture the required orthosis. When broken down by sector, the built environment has the highest proportion of women working in it, at almost 20%, followed by energy and IT communications, with 14% each. My fourth year was a clinical placement year, and I managed to get a job, before I graduated, at the hospital where I had completed one of my placements. Engineering generated 23% of the UK’s total turnover (2015-2016) and makes up 19% of the total workforce. In the first three quarters of the 2019/20 academic year (August to April), there were 275,900 apprenticeship starts. Engineering is important to the UK: it contributes 26% of our GDP. In 2010 nearly 100,000 female STEM graduates were unemployed or economically inactive. My current role is that of a specialist orthotist, I have a clinical diary full of patients. Esu also dedicates her time to help inspire women to work in STEM-related disciplines. The lowest was transport, at 3%, and metals manufacturing, at 5%. We would like to use cookies to collect information about how you use We use this information to make the website work as well as possible and improve our services. Engineering and technology. Then I will have fitting appointments, where I trial fit the orthosis and adjust as necessary, to meet the patient’s needs. which is a compilation of both data and statistics from multiple sources (revised in January 2018). Starts up to quarter 3 2019/20. It’s a challenging and rewarding sector to work in. 12.37% of all engineers are women in the UK. A STEM Returners report on 'The Hidden Workforce' sampled 350 returning engineers and found that 63% of engineers returning to the sector believe the biggest barrier to restarting a career is bias in the recruitment process. We can vote, join the army, and hold public office — among other things. The number of women in computing degree programmes appears to be falling: 14% in 2010 and 13% in 2014. 5% of registered engineers and technicians (i.e. This compendium of statistics and analysis is the most comprehensive of its kind for the engineering profession. For anyone that enjoys numbers and problem solving, this is ideal. We may need to change material, cut back some trim lines, change joint locations, add padding etc. For instance, before 1974, women couldn’t even have a credit card in their own name. Most of my university classmates managed to have a graduate job secured by the time of graduation. Strikingly, substantially more women (18.5%) were in an engineering role outside the engineering sector than within (9.7%). I slowly had to build up my experience at casting and adjusting my own Orthoses. If you’re an employer looking for a platform to find female candidates with an engineering background, then attending our STEM Women events is the perfect solution. All rights reserved. COVID-19 Research: Impact on SWE Members. engineers) (22) 46.4% of girls 11-14 would consider a career in engineering, compared to 70.3% of boys (22) 42.0% of girls 14-16 would consider a career in engineering compared to 66.0% of boys (22) The dashboard is an interactive companion piece to their EngineeringUK briefing 'Gender disparity in engineering'. The Women's Engineering Society is a charity and a professional network of women engineers, scientists and technologists offering inspiration, support and professional development. From industry disruptors to NASA engineers and pioneering sustainable energy, women are making waves in the engineering world and changing our lives. Diversifying STEM: Community College Report, 2020. Estimates of employment, unemployment, economic inactivity and other employment-related statistics for the UK. In the UK, only 12% of the engineering workforce is female, according to the 2018 State of Engineering Report, ... To celebrate International Women in Engineering day 2019, we spoke to bioengineer Caroline Willis from County Down in Northern Ireland. SWE State of Women in Engineering Magazine, 2020. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, engineering is ‘the activity of applying scientific knowledge to the design, building and control of machines, roads, bridges, electrical equipment etc. Female – 23,650 – 19% Male – 102,970 – 81% Total - 126,660. Only 1 in 3 UK entrepreneurs is female: a gender gap equivalent … Women in STEM Statistics – General Outlook for Female Graduates She graduated from Queen's College Galway in 1906, when Ireland was part of the UK. Although the number of women receiving engineering degrees, at all levels, has increased over the past two decades, women’s share of degrees has increased only slightly at the bachelor’s and master’s levels, from 18% to 21% and 18% to 25% respectively, over the past two decades. Female engineers earn 10% less than male engineers. Meanwhile, the female membership of the Institution of Civil Engineers is still only 10.7 per cent. However, female engineers have existed for centuries; it’s just that very few people took any notice. in GCSE engineering entries (-29.1%) – the largest proportional decrease in take-up of all STEM subjects. Legal disclaimer Privacy Policy. Source: EngineeringUK. WES holds a number of events for students and professionals; they also host the Top 50 Women in Engineering awards, which is announced two days before International Women in Engineering Day. Engineering is another S&E field with one of the lowest shares of female degree recipients. We have a number of employers looking for talented female candidates with an engineering background. Tell us whether you accept cookies. The following is information in a previous WES Statistics document which is a compilation of both data and statistics from multiple sources (revised in January 2018). They aim to raise the profile of female engineers and work to support and inspire women in the industry to achieve across all levels. International Women in Engineering Day aims to encourage women to study engineering, support women already in the field to achieve their potential and work with organisers and influencers to promote gender diversity and equality in the workplace. My day flies by, and to know I’m helping people be more mobile, really helps reduce the guilt I feel at not being with my little girl all day. ... National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics, IPEDS Completion Survey, will help equip the SWE members who will meet with their elected officials and highlight the importance of increasing the number of women in engineering and technology. Median gross hourly earnings (excluding overtime) by the percent of full-time employees in each group that are women, for age and occupation group, UK, 2019. In the Workforce. Top 5 U.S. States for Number of Engineering … In computing and physics, A-levels, girls are particularly underrepresented, with just 9.8% and 21.5% of entries respectively in 2017. Added supplementary tables containing apprenticeship data covering the first 3 quarters of the 2019 to 2020 academic year (August 2019 to April 2020, reported to date). 20% of bachelor’s degrees awarded to women in engineering and computer science. For the full report and accompanying data tables visit the Engineering Brand Monitor 2019 report. 25.4% of females from 16 to 18 years old plan to have a career in the engineering field, compared to 51.9% of males from the same age group. Similarly, the percentage of female students studying engineering and technology degrees made up a mere 19% of the total students between 2017 and 2018. Now in its fourth year, the WE50 was … Inspiring Growth, CBI/Pearson 2015 Education and Skills Survey,, Diversity in Engineering, Women’s Engineering Society, September 2014,, Why engineering should be a woman's game, Dame Prof Ann Dowling, BBC News, 3 February 2015, Britain has got talented female engineers, RAEng and Atkins 2013,, McKinsey Global Institute The power of parity, McKinsey & Co, Sept 2015,, Women and men in science, engineering and technology: the UK statistics guide 2010, UKRC,, Why Diversity Matters article, McKinsey & Co, January 2015,, Global Diversity and Inclusion - Fostering innovation through a diverse workforce, Forbes Insights, 2011,, If you know of other reports or statistics not referenced by the WES Statistics document or listed above, or you have any query, email, For the curious, the young, parents and teachers who want to know more about engineering and promoting it, For women, engineers, scientists, technologists, engineering students and apprentices, For employers, educators, organisations who support WES aims, International Women in Engineering Day (INWED), About your WES Membership and the Members' area, EngineeringUK briefing 'Gender disparity in engineering'. Working in partnership, we support and inspire women to achieve as engineers, scientists and as leaders; we encourage the education of engineering; and we support companies with gender diversity and inclusion. In the UK, only 12% of the engineering workforce is female, according to the 2018 State of Engineering Report, by Engineering UK. However, before Perry, there were other notable female engineers, such as Ada Lovelace (mathematician and inventor) and Sarah Guppy, who was the first women to patent a bridge; Sarah also came up with a method of keeping ships barnacle free and designed a new type of candlestick, which enabled candles to burn for longer. Only 13% of engineers are women. This webpage includes data from these institutions, plus the University of Buckingham. The number of women and men starting apprenticeships were almost at the same level, with slightly more starts by women (50.1%). 6% of bachelor’s degrees in engineering awarded to women of color. For females, in particular, there are a lot of funding opportunities and grants available for further training and education, which is a huge bonus! But the civil engineering sector still has much more to do to attract women into the industry. The following are other WES pages and external reports that make good reading. The following are the statistics interpreted by WES from the Engineering UK 2018 report: A further recent update from the Engineering Council (The Engineering Brand Monitor 2019) is an attitudinal survey of more than 2,500 young people, 1,000 STEM secondary school teachers and 1800 members of the public. I had to learn how to create custom made splints/helmets/callipers for patients with a varying range of biomechanical deficits. Things have changed beyond recognition since Sarah Guppy’s day, (she is said to have written "it is unpleasant to speak of oneself—it may seem boastful particularly in a woman.").