It is also found in the Caribbean, Mexico, Central America, and South America; possibly also in western Africa. A large fern of freshwater and brackish marshes, freshwater swamps and sinkholes in hammocks throughout most of peninsular Florida. Florida is the only state that Acrostichum is found in, but it also occurs in Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands (Kartesz, 1999). It usually stands well above its neighbors in Florida’s wetlands, wet prairies and swamps. It prefers brackish and freshwater marshes. Moth Larvae-damaged Giant Leather-fern Acrostichum danaeifolium as Host for Secondary Colonization by Ants Acrostichum danaeifolium. Florida is the only state where the giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is found. Growth Rate: … USDA hardiness zones: 9 through 11 (Figure 2) Planting month for zone 9: year round. The giant leather fern grows in coastal hammocks and in brackish and mangrove swamps and further inland along canals and pond edges. Google Privacy Policy | Share. The giant leather fern is a native of the central and southern peninsula of Florida, and Puerto Rico in the United States. It will often line the edges of canals, rivers and even man made lakes. 93(2): 48-54. General Information. Giant leather fern Inland leather fern. Leather Fern Acrostichum spp. Look among mangroves or cypress trees where large colonies can be found. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). Scientific name: Acrostichum daneifolium. It has a strong root system, and forms networks of rhizomes, or underground stems, that help protect lake and pond banks and the edges of streams against erosion. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Acrostichum danaeifolium - Giant leather fern -- Discover Life This massive fern can grow to 12 feet in height and thrives in wetland and bog conditions. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. In fern terms, these are huge, coarse-looking things giving the impression of having been rooted exactly where they are since dinosaur times. Giant Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) Part shade Average to high water needs Size: 6-12 ft tall x 5-10 ft wide Price: $8.99 (1 gal) Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. Advanced care. Tweet. Planting month for zone 10 and 11: year round. Plant type: perennial; herbaceous. It is mammoth, with fronds as long as 12 feet and a girth just as wide. Share on Facebook. Gardening Giant Leather Fern is one of our largest native ferns. The giant leather fern is Florida’s largest fern. The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. It's sometimes confused with golden leather fern, but that plant within Florida is only found in the southwestern counties, and even there, it's usually a cultivated rather than wild plant. Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. It likes full sun, but can take some shade. There are both sterile and fertile fronds. Acrostichum danaeifolium Langsd. Needless to say we were both begging our boat driver to get close enough so … Follow us. Taking in their effect, one might say "emerge like a Viking on a beach." In later years, they would grow giant leather fern as a cash crop, selling the plants to commercial nurseries. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) distribution maps for Giant Leather Fern. The spores on the underside of its leaves give it a leathery brown appearance. They do not withstand prolonged immersion, but require wet roots. The fern can be planted anytime of year and produce very long vibrant green leaves. Giant Leather Fern Acrostichum danaeifolium. Full size 1140 × 711 pixels. Also known as . The Ultimate Guide to the Outdoors and Environment in Broward, Collier, Martin, Miami-Dade, Monroe and Palm Beach counties. Acrostichum danaeifolium. That's one of them below, with fronds soaring nearly nine feet (2.5 m) above the muck. Giant Leather Fern, Giant Fern, Inland Leather Fern (Acrostichum danaeifolium) by palmbob Feb 28, 2016 4:32 PM MotherNature4 has observed this fern on Pellicer Creek near St. Augustine and in the Everglades It grows vigorously in full sun to full shade but it will not tolerate freezing temperatures. Most species occupy terrestrial environments, but they also occur in freshwater and saltwater aquatic environments. But it can tolerate enough salt that it will grow in mangrove swamps. Share. (January 2016) Plants are multicellular, photosynthesizing eucaryotes. The species of Acrostichum are massive ferns, with fronds up to 12 feet (3.5 meters) tall, that depend on a semi-aquatic existence. Share. Click on any image to open the slideshow. The Caribbean, Mexico, Central America and South America to Brazil are also in its native range. The species Acrostichum aureum is known to have a high saltwater tolerance, growing in mangroves. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Next image. See Acrostichum danaeifolium by Lee County Extension Agent Stephen Brown ([email protected]) Search. It is a member of Pteridaceae, the maidenhair or brake fern family. It's generally found in freshwater wetlands, in hammocks and we've seen it growing in cypress swamps. It is widely distributed in central and south Florida. As broad or broader than tall. Unless otherwise stated, all photographs are property of the publishers and may not be used without their express permission. Hybrids have been produced in the laboratory, although these have not been analyzed cytologically. Acrostichum danaeifolium - Marie Selby Botanical Gardens - Sarasota, Florida - DSC01604 by Daderot (CC0) Full Shade. Acrostichum danaeifolium (Fee) C. Presl. & Fisch. Dimensions: Typically 6-12 feet in height. Previous image . Specimen plant or mass background planting in moist areas. ... Acrostichum danaeifolium grows vigorously in full sun and is common and widely distributed in Florida." Giant Leather Fern – Acrostichum danaeifolium. Share. During a nine-month observation period these moths infested 87% of the ferns and 41% of their leaves. The giant leather fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, is perfectly named. As this fern gets very tall, it is not appropriate as a groundcover. It can grow up to 6 feet tall and possibly more and likes wet conditions. ABSTRACT.-Leaves of the giant leather-fern, Acrostichum danaeifolium, were infested by larvae of an unknown species of moth (microlepidoptera) at a mangrove site on the Gulf of Mexico. The giant leather fern is a native of Florida, frequently found in brackish and freshwater marshes of the central and southern peninsula (Wunderlin, 1998). The Giant Leather Fern is native to the freshwater marshes, swamps, and swampy hammocks and wet, marshy prairies from north-central Florida southward throughout the rest of the state and the Keys, including the Everglades. State is the leather fern grows in coastal areas and inland as well native fern species found throughout.! Include leather fern, inland leather fern, leather fern, Acrostichum DANAEFOLIUM and aureum! 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