Independent clauses are often joined via conjunctions, commas, or semicolons to form compound sentences—for example: She’s a dog, and I’m a chicken. All of us went to … In the following example, independent clauses and subordinate clauses are used to create longer, more interesting sentences: After she had complained to the race officials, Elena blasted Bobby with a radar gun. An independent clause is a sentence that has a subject and a verb and requires no extra information to understand. 2. A sentence, on the other hand, can be made up of numerous independent and/or subordinate clauses, so it can't really be defined in terms of the syntactic concept of clause." I enjoy sitting by the fireplace and reading. What are the Types of Clauses? Because Bobby had installed an illegal motor on his skateboard, he was going 50 m.p.h. In the kitchen, I eat. It's obvious that these clauses need more information to make sense. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. Some common independent markers are: also, consequently, furthermore, however, moreover, nevertheless, and therefore. Some authors prefer to use a word processor; others write using pen and paper. This is not a complete thought or sentence. They can be of two types: independent and dependent. Dependent Clauses (Anon) 3. Independent clauses are strong Compare an independent clause to the ideal roommate: She cleans up after herself, pays her share of the bills, never forgets to turn off the iron, and can fix a leaky faucet. She had just bought two gorgeous dresses. Waiting to have my car’s oil changed is boring. Meredith fixed the leaky faucet all by herself. If the independent clause precedes (comes before) the dependent clause, no comma is used. A dependent clause is a group of words with a subject and a verb. Independent clauses make clear communication possible, whether we're writing or speaking. Usually, dependent clauses can be identified by words called dependent markers. Examples of Independent Clauses Joined Together Other than a conjunction and a semicolon, two or more independent clauses may also be combined through the use of a comma. It is important for the purpose of sentence formation to be able to recognize independent and dependent clauses. A clause is a group of words that contains both a subject and a predicate (or a verb). Let’s go back to that delicious cup of coffee. The Alps in Switzerland are breathtaking. I went to the Department of Motor vehicles today; I took the written driving test. A dependent clause includes a subject and a verb in the clause. This fall’s television line-up is lacking in diversity. Independent clauses make clear communication possible, whether we're writing or speaking. There are two major types: independent clauses and dependent clauses. Their their are different types of clauses. An independent clause is a sentence. Unlike a dependent clause, an independent clause is grammatically complete—that is, it can stand alone as a sentence. Dependent clauses, which start with subordinating conjunctions such as "while," "that," or "unless," give background information but cannot stand on their own as sentences. Independent Clauses Examples . As mentioned, these clauses can function as their own complete sentences, but they can also be combined with other clauses (either independent or dependent) to create longer sentences. A dependent clause is one that cannot stand alone as a sentence. If a clause begins with any of these words, it is a dependent clause that needs to be attached to an independent clause to express a complete thought: The team persevered and finally broke the tie. Examples of Clauses: Independent Clauses are complete sentences. These dependent markers are usually subordinating conjunctions. Independent clauses. Some sentences will have two independent clauses, when this happens a semicolon is needed before the independent marker word. An independent clause contains a subject (again, who or what the sentence is about) and a predicate (which tells us something about the subject, such as what the subject is doing). Example: Before I had a chance to say goodbye, Todd left for camp. Independent Clause Example: When the bell rang, students went out of the class. When an independent clause combines with a dependent clause, a complex sentence is formed, and two independent clauses combine to create a compound sentence. My name is Lily. Life is something that happens when you can't get to sleep. In the complex sentence examples shown below, the independent clause comes first. Two or more independent clauses can be joined with a coordinating conjunction (such as and or but) to form a compound sentence. The first part is the coffee was brewing. Even if you're on the right track, you'll get run over if you just sit there. This is not a complete thought or sentence. An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence, beginning with a capital letter and ending with terminal punctuation such as a period. 2. -- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/ . 6. Like the ideal roommate, an independent clause lacks nothing to stand on its own. Examples: The man who we met yesterday is my uncle. Examples of clauses are: The bells are ringing. 1. Hiking and biking are my favorite summertime activities. While my teacher taughtme to readWhat happened whilemy teacher taught me to read? (Woody Allen) They can stand alone and express a complete thought. Dependent clauses Their are basically only 2 types of clauses independent clauses and subordinate clauses. Definition of Compound Sentences and How to Use Them, Dependent Clause: Definition and Examples, Examples and Usage of Conjunctions in English Grammar, Definition and Examples of Subordinate Clauses, Identifying Independent and Dependent Clauses, 100 Key Terms Used in the Study of Grammar, How to Recognize and Use Clauses in English Grammar, Understanding the Types of Verbs in English Grammar, French Subordinate Clause: French Grammar and Pronunciation Glossary, Definition and Examples of Postmodifiers in English Grammar, Nominal: Definition and Examples in Grammar, Ph.D., Rhetoric and English, University of Georgia, M.A., Modern English and American Literature, University of Leicester, B.A., English, State University of New York. (Jackie Mason) 4. Here is a sentence with one independent clause and one dependent clause. https://examples.yourdictionary.com/examples-of-independent-clauses.html So, an independent clause is a set of words that has a subject, a verb, and expresses a complete thought. An independent clause can actually stand alone as a complete sentence with appropriate punctuation. What is a Main Clause in English Grammar? These clauses include adverb clauses, adjective clauses and noun clauses. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. I travel extensively. Three or More Independent Clauses If a sentence has three or more short, closely related independent clauses, separate them with commas, and put a comma before the conjunction: The employees filed their complaint, the committee heard the arguments, and the company awaited the final decision. Either clause can come first. 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